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Design theory, materials selection, and fabrication of hollow core waveguides for infrared to THz radiation

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Title
Design theory, materials selection, and fabrication of hollow core waveguides for infrared to THz radiation
Name (ID = NAME001); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Bowden
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Bradley
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Bradley Bowden
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author
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Harrington
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James
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Advisory Committee
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James A Harrington
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chair
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Matthewson
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M
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Advisory Committee
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M John Matthewson
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internal member
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Sigel
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George
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Advisory Committee
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George Sigel
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internal member
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NamePart (type = family)
Federici
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John
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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John Federici
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outside member
Name (ID = NAME006); (type = personal)
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Heo
NamePart (type = given)
Jong
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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Jong Heo
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (ID = NAME007); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME008); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2007
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2007
Language
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English
PhysicalDescription
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electronic
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
xxii, 171 pages
Abstract
Hollow core waveguides (HCWs) are comprised of a central hole surrounded by a highly reflective inner wall. The core can be filled with air, inert gas, or vacuum, allowing these waveguides to transmit a broad range of wavelengths with low attenuation. HCWs are of particular interest for the transmission of infrared (IR) to THz radiation, where it is otherwise difficult to find materials that have the optical, thermal, and mechanical properties required for use in solid core optical fibers.
Ray optics calculations are used to predict the attenuation of the low-loss Gaussian-like HE11 mode propagating in two types of HCWs: hollow Bragg fibers (HBFs) and metal/dielectric hollow glass waveguides (HGWs). These calculations provide guidance on the materials selection and design of HCWs optimized for CO2 (10.6 μm) IR laser radiation and CO2 pumped CH3OH (119 μm) THz laser radiation.
An all-chalcogenide glass HBF is proposed for the delivery of CO2 laser radiation. Such a fiber would combine a high refractive index contrast (ratio of the high to low refractive index) with low materials absorption, characteristics that are critical to the design of a low loss HBF. Ge20Se80 glass (ñλ=10.6 μm = 2.46 + i9.7e-7) is identified as an excellent candidate for the low refractive index composition due to its thermal stability and relatively low refractive index among chalcogenide glasses that transmit 10.6 μm radiation. To identify a high refractive index glass to combine with Ge20Se80, several glass compositions in the Ag-As-Se glass forming system are characterized using FTIR spectroscopy, CO2 laser variable angle reflectometry, and CO2 laser calorimetry. Of the compositions investigated, Ag25As40Se35 glass (ñλ=10.6 μm = 3.10 + i1.7e-6) has the best thermal and optical properties for this application. Ray optics calculations show that a HBF made from alternating layers of Ge20Se80 and Ag25As40Se35 glass could have orders of magnitude lower loss than any IR waveguide that has been demonstrated to date.
A metal/polymer coated HGW is proposed for the transmission of THz radiation. Ray optics calculations show that silver (Ag) has the best optical properties for use in this application. In theory, a polystyrene (PS) layer added over the silver coating can reduce the waveguide's attenuation by over an order of magnitude. Ag/PS HGWs are fabricated by extending coating techniques that were originally developed for IR transmitting HCWs. FTIR spectroscopy is used to determine the PS film thicknesses and confirm coating uniformity. Uniform PS films are deposited with thicknesses up to 16.7 μm, which is approximately ten times greater than what had previously been demonstrated using these techniques. The mode structure, attenuation, and coupling loss of Ag/PS HGWs are characterized using a CO2 pumped CH3OH THz laser tuned to emit 119 μm radiation. The best waveguide demonstrated in this study, a 2.2 mm bore diameter Ag/PS HGW with a 8.2 μm PS film thickness, has a loss of 0.95 dB/m and a coupling efficiency of 80 %. These attributes are the best that have been demonstrated for any THz waveguide to date.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references.
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Ceramic and Materials Science and Engineering
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Optical wave guides--Design
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Optics
Subject (ID = SUBJ4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Quantum electronics
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.15790
Identifier
ETD_486
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3B56K5G
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Open
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Name
Bradley Bowden
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Non-exclusive ETD license
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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