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Framing Taiwan's independence in the coverage of Taiwan's presidential elections, 1996 to 2004: an analysis of the U.S. press

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TitleInfo (type = uniform)
Title
Framing Taiwan's independence in the coverage of Taiwan's presidential elections, 1996 to 2004: an analysis of the U.S. press
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fu
NamePart (type = given)
Wei-Hsin
DisplayForm
Wei-Hsin Fu
Role
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author
Name (type = personal)
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Pavlik
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John
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Advisory Committee
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John Pavlik
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chair
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NamePart (type = family)
Bratich
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Jack
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Advisory Committee
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Jack Z. Bratich
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Keith
NamePart (type = given)
Susan
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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Susan Keith
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lent
NamePart (type = given)
John
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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John A. Lent
Role
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outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
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NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2007
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2007
Language
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English
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electronic
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application/pdf
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text/xml
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x, 140 pages
Abstract
This dissertation examines how the U.S. mainstream press covered the issue of Taiwan's independence from 1996 to 2004. The stories this study examined focus on the three Taiwan's presidential elections (1996, 2000, and 2004) as well as the Taiwan Strait crises. This study employs framing theory as its major theoretical framework and uses qualitative frame analysis and the "signature matrix" method as its research methods. The selected press includes four newspapers (The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times) and two news magazines (Time, Newsweek). This dissertation argues that the issue of Taiwan's independence not only provides a platform for the international diplomatic struggle among Taiwan, China, and the United States, but also into the value debate regarding the U.S. national interest.
In 1996, the movement of Taiwan independence is considered as part of the development of Taiwan's democracy. In 2000, the framing has shifted from pro-democracy to pro-"one-China" policy. In 2004, the framing has changed from preserving "one-China" policy to promoting the status quo. First, for nearly a decade, the U.S. framing of Taiwan's independence has shifted from promoting democracy/self-determination/liberty to the "one-China" policy/peace/stability. It suggests the room for the movement of Taiwan's independence is slimmer and slimmer. Second, regarding the question of how the press constructed the identity frames and national interests of the United States, the role of the U.S. and the content of the national interest may vary depending upon the international diplomacy and domestic politics of America. Third, as to the question of how the news frames interpreted the policies and the public opinion of the United States, the framing of the U.S. press can be seen as an indicator of U.S. policy or public opinion.
Finally, the signature matrices provide a useful tool to reveal the structures of the framing. If we look at both the signature matrices and the central organizing ideas, a coherent picture can be composed regarding the framing of Taiwan's independence.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 128-139).
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Communication, Information and Library Studies
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Presidents--Elections
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Elections--History
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Taiwan--Politics and government
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Press and politics
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.15853
Identifier
ETD_529
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T35M665V
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Taiwan
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Open
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Name
Wei-Hsin Fu
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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