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The pontifical law of the Roman republic

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Title
The pontifical law of the Roman republic
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Johnson
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Michael Joseph
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Michael Joseph Johnson
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Brennan
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T.
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Advisory Committee
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T. Corey Brennan
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chair
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Figueira
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Thomas
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Advisory Committee
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Thomas J. Figueira
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internal member
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Takacs
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Sarolta
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Advisory Committee
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Sarolta Takacs
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Linderski
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Jerzy
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Advisory Committee
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Jerzy Linderski
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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theses
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DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2007
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2007
Language
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English
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electronic
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
xi, 357 pages
Abstract
This dissertation investigates the guiding principle of arguably the most important religious authority in ancient Rome, the pontifical college. Chapter One introduces the subject and discusses the hypothesis the dissertation will advance. Chapter Two examines the place of the college within Roman law and religion, giving particular attention to disproving several widely held notions about the relationship of the pontifical law to the civil and sacral law.
Chapter Three offers the first detailed examination of the duties of the pontifical college as a collective body. I spend the bulk of the chapter analyzing two of the three collegiate duties I identify: the issuing of documents known as decrees and responses and the supervision of the Vestal Virgins. I analyze all decrees and responses from the point of view their content, treating first those that concern dedications, then those on the calendar, and finally those on vows. In doing so my goal is to understand the reasoning behind the decree and the major theological doctrines underpinning it. In documenting the pontifical supervision of Vestal Virgins I focus on the college's actions towards a Vestal accused of losing her chastity. I first reconstruct a typical trial from suspicion to condemnation. In doing so, one of my more important conclusions is that, pace Mommsen, the pontifex maximus did not possess the power to condemn a Vestal on his own without consulting his colleagues. After this I turn to a detailed analysis of the two decrees issued in connection with these trials. Most important is my contention that it was not so much the Vestal's lost chastity as her performance while unchaste of certain religious rites that gravely jeopardized the pax deorum, Rome's relationship with its gods.
Chapter Four contains a summary of my findings and outlines future directions for fruitful research on the pontiffs and pontifical law. The work ends with an appendix in which I reproduce and translate all known passages in Latin that refer to the pontifical law. This appendix should be a useful and convenient reference tool for other scholars working on the pontiffs and pontifical law.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 342-356).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Classics
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Canon law
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Law (Theology)
Subject (ID = SUBJ4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Rescripts, Papal
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
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http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.16099
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ETD_330
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Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3513ZMS
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Open
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Michael Johnson
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Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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