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The bodega on the corner: neighborhoods, transnationalism, and redevelopment in Philadelphia

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TitleInfo (type = uniform)
Title
The bodega on the corner: neighborhoods, transnationalism, and redevelopment in Philadelphia
Name (type = personal)
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Pine
NamePart (type = given)
Adam M.
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Adam M. Pine
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author
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Lake
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Robert
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Advisory Committee
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Robert W Lake
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chair
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St. Martin
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Kevin
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Advisory Committee
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Kevin St. Martin
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Regulska
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Joanna
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Advisory Committee
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Joanna Regulska
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internal member
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Grasmuck
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Sherri
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Advisory Committee
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Sherri Grasmuck
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2007
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2007-10
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English
PhysicalDescription
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electronic
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application/pdf
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Extent
xi, 314 pages
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation examines the relationship between immigration and urban redevelopment through an analysis of two sites of immigration debates in the City of Philadelphia: the city’s promotion of increased international immigration as an economic development tool and the experiences of one group of immigrant entrepreneurs – small neighborhood grocery stores owners from the Dominican Republic. I interviewed city policy makers, neighborhood economic development officials, Dominican storeowners, and conducted participant observation in Dominican-owned stores. I argue that pro-immigration policies embody a form of citizenship whose boundaries are delineated by the needs of the market. The policies act as a form of governmentality because they seek to condition the behavior of immigrants. Similarly, my work with the grocers suggests that their sense of citizenship is coerced and performative: they expressed incredible fears of crime and violence, yet bent over backwards to serve their customers, obey neighborhood codes of conduct, and appear as contented neighborhood residents. The grocers’ actions are therefore designed to preserve their fragile situation as middlemen minority and are not a reflection of feelings of community belonging. My research uses the immigration debates in the City of Philadelphia to suggest new understandings of scale. In looking to other countries for the workers needed to revitalize the city, pro-immigrant policies rescale development to the global level. In contrast, by demanding economically profitable actions from immigrants, the policies rescale economic development down to the bodies of urban residents. The grocers’ mobility questions the appropriateness of the “neighborhood᾿ as a scale of economic development and suggests the need to integrate theories of economic development with theories of migration, transnationalism, and mobility. To this end, the grocers survive through a process I label “temporary permanence᾿ through which they are embedded in Philadelphia neighborhoods while simultaneously using their mobility to constantly transgress neighborhood, urban, and transnational boundaries. Likewise, my work suggests that households constitute an essential scale in the process of urban redevelopment. Because bodegas are family-run businesses that make the social reproduction of families in urban neighborhoods possible they illustrate that households are a vital scale of urban analysis.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 298-312).
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Geography
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Urban renewal--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Neighborhood--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Transnationalism--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17030
Identifier
ETD_323
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3833SF3
Location
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NjNbRU
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Open
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Name
Adam Pine
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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