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Eye movements during multiple readings of the same text

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Eye movements during multiple readings of the same text
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kowler
NamePart (type = given)
Eileen
Affiliation
Psychology (New Brunswick), Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Schnitzer
NamePart (type = given)
Brian S.
Affiliation
Psychology (New Brunswick), Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Psychology (New Brunswick)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Arts and Sciences (SAS) (New Brunswick)
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcRelator)
sponsor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
National Eye Institute
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcRelator)
sponsor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
United States. Air Force. Office of Sponsored Research
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcRelator)
sponsor
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
articles
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Version of Record (VoR)
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2006
Publisher
Elsevier
Language
LanguageTerm
English
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = RULIB)
manuscript
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
22 pages
Abstract
People often read the same text more than once. Studying eye movements during multiple readings of the same texts provides a uniqueopportunity to observe the consistency of saccadic landing positions. Eye movements were recorded while 5 people read the same 4 texts more than 40 times, no more than 4 times/day, and never on consecutive trials. Other texts, read only once, were interspersed. Comprehension questions and a change-detection task helped maintain attention in the face of the repetition. There were two main Wndings: (1) repeated reading produced significant, but modest, changes in global saccadic patterns. The only change found in all readers was a reduction in the proportion of regressions. (2) Saccadic landing positions fell into clusters located at a variety of places with respect to word boundaries, and often across word boundaries. A mixed-strategy model of saccadic guidance (look to the center of words, while trying to maintain fairly uniform saccade lengths), could account for the overall strength of clustering, but not for the variability among cluster locations, suggesting that saccadic landing sites are selected in part on the basis of local text characteristics. The reliable clustering of saccadic landing positions found during multiple readings of the same text opens the way for cluster patterns to be used to study eye movement strategies during reading and overcome at least some of the variability associated with traditional global single-text measures.
Note (type = publisherStatement)
The published version of this article is available at: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/visres
Note (type = grantNumber)
NIH/NEI RO1-EY015522-01
Note (type = grantNumber)
AFOSR F4960-02-1-0112
Note
Supported by AFOSR F4960-02-1-0112 and NIH/NEI RO1-EY015522-01.
Subject (authority = Other)
Topic
Eye movements
Subject (authority = Other)
Topic
Saccadic planning
Subject (authority = Other)
Topic
Motor planning
Subject (authority = Other)
Topic
Repeated reading
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Attention
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Reading
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Saccadic eye movements
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Word recognition
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Kowler, Eileen
Identifier (type = local)
rucore00000001148
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore00000001148.Article.17070
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3HD7T2C
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2006
AssociatedObject
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Name
Vision Research
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
46(10)
Reference (type = digital)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2005.09.023
Detail
1611-1632
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Journal Article
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Publication
Status
Published
RightsHolder (ID = 1)
Name (TYPE = corporate)
CorporateName
Elsevier Ltd.
RightsEvent (AUTHORITY = rulib); (ID = 1)
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedEntity (AUTHORITY = rulib); (ID = 1)
Name
Eileen Kowler
Role
Depositor
AssociatedObject (AUTHORITY = rulib); (ID = 1)
Type
License
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers.
Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work.
I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others.
I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work.
By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
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Technical

Format (TYPE = mime); (VERSION = )
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
645120
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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ContentModel
Manuscript
PreservationLevel
Medium
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