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Osteopontin: role in immune regulation and stress responses

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Title
Osteopontin: role in immune regulation and stress responses
Name (ID = NAME001); (type = personal)
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Wang
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Kathryn X.
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Kathryn X. Wang
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author
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Denhardt
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David
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Advisory Committee
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David Denhardt
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chair
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Werlen
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Guy
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Advisory Committee
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Guy Werlen
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Lenard
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John
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Advisory Committee
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John Lenard
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internal member
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Shi
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Yufang
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Advisory Committee
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Yufang Shi
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outside member
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Kusnecov
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Alexander
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Advisory Committee
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Alexander Kusnecov
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outside member
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Text
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theses
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DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2008
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2008-05
Language
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English
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electronic
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ix, 117 pages
Abstract
Osteopontin (OPN) is a pluripotent soluble protein found in all body fluids and expressed in many tissues and cells. It stimulates signal transduction pathways via integrins and CD44 variants that regulate various cellular activities including the cell's interaction with extracellular matrix, cell survival and immune responses. OPN deficiency is linked to a reduced Th1 immune response in infectious diseases, autoimmunity and delayed type hypersensitivity. OPN is also involved in various physiological stress situations such as mechanical stress, oxidative stress and cellular stress. However, OPN's role in physical and psychological stress is largely unexplored.
In this dissertation, I used OPN-deficient mice to evaluate OPN's role in physical stress responses and to determine its influence on immune organ lymphocyte homeostasis in response to stress. Using a hindlimb-unloading (HU) stress model, I compared OPN-/- (knockout) mice with OPN+/+ mice subjected to HU for 3 days. Whereas OPN+/+ mice suffered a marked reduction of body weight and significant spleen and thymus atrophy, OPN-/- mice exhibited minor weight loss and much less spleen and thymus atrophy. The HU-induced lymphoid organ atrophy was the result of dramatically diminished numbers of T and B cells in the spleen and CD4+/CD8+ double-positive cells in the thymus of OPN+/+ mice but not in OPN-/- mice. Increased levels of corticosterone, which modulate lymphocyte activation responses and apoptosis during stress, were found only in OPN+/+ mice. Apoptotic cell death was evident in the spleen and thymus tissue of OPN+/+mice subjected to HU but not in OPN-/- mice and untreated controls.
In a different stress model, chronic restraint stress (CRS), I have demonstrated that OPN-deficient mice are resistant to CRS-induced lymphoid organ atrophy and unable to mount a significant up-regulation of corticosterone production in response to stress. Another HPA (Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal) axis hormone, ACTH, was also found to be unable to respond to stress challenge in the absence of OPN. Administration of soluble OPN into OPN-/- mice led to a further reduction of lymphoid organ mass in response to stress whereas administration of anti-OPN antibody 2C5 in wild type mice alleviated stress-induced organ atrophy. Taken together, these results indicate that OPN is critical in mediating stress-induced immune organ atrophy, likely through influencing the HPA axis hormone pathway.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 102-115).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Cell and Developmental Biology
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Osteopontin
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Phosphoproteins
Subject (ID = SUBJ4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Second messengers (Biochemistry)
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Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
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http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17059
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ETD_884
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Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3KK9C5F
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
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Open
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Name
Kathryn Wang
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Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Non-exclusive ETD license
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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