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Micro-raman spectroscopy of caries lesion formation in dental enamel

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TitleInfo (displayLabel = Citation Title); (type = uniform)
Title
Micro-raman spectroscopy of caries lesion formation in dental enamel
Name (ID = NAME001); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Dadlani
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Deepa
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Deepa Dadlani
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author
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Mann
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Adrian
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Advisory Committee
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Adrian B Mann
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chair
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Shreiber
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David
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Advisory Committee
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David Shreiber
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internal member
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Langrana
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Noshir
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Advisory Committee
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Noshir Langrana
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internal member
Name (ID = NAME005); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lehman
NamePart (type = given)
Richard
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Advisory Committee
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Richard Lehman
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outside member
Name (ID = NAME006); (type = corporate)
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Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME007); (type = corporate)
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2008
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2008-01
Language
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English
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electronic
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
xi, 58 pages
Abstract
Caries lesions form by a complex process of chemical interactions between dental enamel and its environment. They can cause cavities and pain, and are expensive to fix. Lesions form by slow demineralization over many months, even years. It is hard to characterize in vivo as a result of environmental factors and remineralization by ions in the oral cavity. In this thesis the process of demineralization was carried out in vitro and micro-Raman spectroscopy used to investigate and characterize the lesion's chemistry. Demineralization occurs by diffusion across the depth of the lesion of mineral ions via interstitial spaces in the dental enamel. Hydroxyl ions are initially lost by acidic attack, which increases the interstitial space. The demineralization is retarded by diffusion processes in the opposite direction, and a balance in the charges of the ions must be maintained. Having multiple ions diffusing simultaneously is termed “coupled diffusion”. A subsurface highly demineralized region is formed, but this can be remineralized.
Micro-Raman spectroscopy is a powerful tool for studying material composition by exciting chemical bonds in the sample. Using micro-Raman to characterize the chemical composition of lesions may help in developing preventative measures to stop their formation. Raman (λ=785 nm) was used to characterize lesions grown over 5, 7, 9, 11 and 14 days. The amide I peak at ~1605 cm-1, which has not been observed previously, was seen in the maturing lesions. The extreme demineralization in these lesions enables the organic peaks to be seen rather than the normally stronger mineral peaks. Analysis of crystallinity shows that there is always a reduction in mineral content with distance below the enamel surface, but this becomes magnified as the lesion matures. Type B carbonate substitution for phosphate ions can also be examined with Raman. Correcting for crystallinity shows that both carbonate and phosphate ions are lost at the same rate during demineralization.
In summary, micro-Raman is an effective and relatively easy tool to use in lesion characterization. It also has the advantage that it can be used to identify changes in both the mineral and protein phases of enamel.
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 53-55).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Biomedical Engineering
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Dental caries
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Teeth--Diseases
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
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http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17128
Identifier
ETD_640
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3SF2WKV
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
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Name
Deepa Dadlani
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Non-exclusive ETD license
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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