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MapSearch: a protocol and prototype application to find maps

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Title
MapSearch: a protocol and prototype application to find maps
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Gelernter
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Judith
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Judith Gelernter
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author
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Lesk
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Michael
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Advisory Committee
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Michael E. Lesk
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chair
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O'Connor
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Daniel
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Advisory Committee
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Daniel O. O'Connor
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internal member
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Radford
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Marie
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Advisory Committee
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Marie L. Radford
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internal member
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Goodchild
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Michael
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Advisory Committee
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Michael F. Goodchild
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
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2008
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2008-05
Language
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English
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electronic
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ix, 158 pages
Abstract
Even geographers need ways to find what they need among the thousands of maps buried in map libraries and in journal articles. It is not enough to provide search by region and keyword. Studies of queries show that people often want to look for maps showing a certain location at a certain time period or with a subject theme. The difficulties in finding such maps are several. Maps in physical and digital collections often are organized by region. Multi-dimensional manual indexing is time-consuming and so many maps are not indexed. Further, maps in non-geographical publications are indexed rarely, making them essentially invisible.
In an attempt to solve actual problems, this dissertation research automatically indexes maps in published documents so that they become visible to searchers. The MapSearch prototype aggregates journal components to allow finer-grained searching of article content. MapSearch allows search by region, time, or theme as well as by keyword (http://scilsresx.rutgers.edu/~gelern/maps/).
Automatic classification of maps is a multi-step process. A sample of 150 maps and the text (that becomes metadata) describing the maps have been copied from a random assortment of journal articles. Experience taking metadata manually enabled the writing of instructions to mine data automatically; experience with manual classification allowed for writing algorithms that classify maps by region, time and theme automatically. That classification is supported by ontologies for region, time and theme that have been generated or adapted for the purpose and that allow what has been called intelligent search, or smart search. The 150 map training set was loaded into the MapSearch engine repeatedly, each time comparing automatically-assigned classification to manually-assigned classification. Analysis of computer misclassifications suggested whether the ontology or classification algorithm should be modified in order to improve classification accuracy. After repeated trials and analyses to improve the algorithms and ontologies, MapSearch was evaluated with a set of 55 previously unseen maps in a test set. Automated classification of the test set of maps was compared to the manual classification, with the assumption that the manual process provides the most accurate classification obtainable. Results showed an accuracy, or a correspondence between manual and automated classification, of 75% for region, 69% for time, and 84% for theme.
The dissertation contributes: (1) a protocol to harvest metadata from maps in published articles that could be adapted to aggregate other sorts of journal article components such as charts, diagrams, cartoons or photographs, (2) a method for ontology-supported metadata processing to allow for improved result relevance that could be applied to other sorts of data, (3) algorithms to classify maps into region, time and theme facets that could be adapted to classify other document types, and (4) a proof-of-concept MapSearch system that could be expanded with heterogeneous map types.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 117-125).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Communication, Information and Library Studies
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Maps--Computer network resources
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Maps--Catalogs--Databases
Subject (ID = SUBJ4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Geography--Catalogs--Databases
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17314
Identifier
ETD_849
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3QN673P
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
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Open
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Name
Judith Gelernter
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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