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Forest recovery and just sustainability in the Florianópolis city-region

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Title
Forest recovery and just sustainability in the Florianópolis city-region
Name (ID = NAME001); (type = personal)
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Baptista
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Sandra Regina
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Sandra Regina Baptista
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author
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Rudel
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Thomas
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Advisory Committee
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Thomas K Rudel
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chair
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Schneider
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Laura
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Advisory Committee
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Laura C Schneider
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internal member
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Leichenko
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Robin
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Advisory Committee
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Robin M Leichenko
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internal member
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Bates
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Diane
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Advisory Committee
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Diane C Bates
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outside member
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Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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theses
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2008
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2008-10
Language
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English
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electronic
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Extent
xviii, 387 pages
Abstract
This dissertation examines human-environment interactions in the Florianópolis city-region, Santa Catarina State, Brazil from a just sustainability perspective. I construct an in-depth historical narrative of social and landscape transformations and offer an account of the diverse origins of this expanding metropolis. This historical narrative provides the context for understanding contemporary demographic change, metropolitan land-use, forest-transition dynamics, sociospatial inequalities, legal-institutional reforms, and democratic practice. Employing a multiscalar methodological approach, I integrate documentary research, aerial photos, interviews, participant observation, and site visits. I analyze social and ecological data at nested spatial and organizational scales ranging from neighborhoods to national and global arenas. Results suggest that the Florianópolis city-region has experienced a forest transition from a period of net deforestation caused by extractive and agricultural activities to a period of net forest recovery. Forest recovery has resulted from tree planting with exotic species and the 'spontaneous' regeneration of secondary forests. Exotic tree monocultures have been planted since the 1960s. Much of the forest regeneration has occurred since the 1980s during a period characterized by decline in agricultural land use, real estate speculation, and the establishment of conservation units and other types of land-use restrictions. The environmental services and amenities associated with the protected-area network have contributed to the ongoing viability of local tourism development and rising real estate prices in well-located neighborhoods. Middle- and upper-income housing construction has accelerated since the 1990s, converting parcels to residential or commercial subdivisions in suburban and peri-urban landscapes. Low-income, self-provisioned, informal settlements have emerged and expanded on 'marginal,' 'peripheral,' and 'precarious' lands, often in locations legally defined as environmentally protected areas and that lack sanitation services. This process of urban dualization has resulted in socioenvironmental injustices by reinforcing and exacerbating differential access to life opportunities and environmental services as well as differential exposure to environmental hazards. I conclude with a discussion of land quality, uneven development, uneven valuation of ecosystems, participatory democracy, possible future scenarios, policy implications, unresolved issues, and suggestions for future research.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 320-385).
Subject (ID = SUBJ1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Geography
Subject (ID = SUBJ2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Forest regeneration
Subject (ID = SUBJ3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Reforestation
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.17433
Identifier
ETD_1145
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3XS5VQ2
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
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Name
Sandra Baptista
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Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Non-exclusive ETD license
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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