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Transcriptional and translational regulation of leaf polarity

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Transcriptional and translational regulation of leaf polarity
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier
ETD_1379
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051019
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Plant Biology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Leaves--Morphology
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Genetic translation
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Genetic transcription
Abstract
Normal biological functions of leaves such as intercepting light and exchanging gases during photosynthesis rely on proper differentiation of adaxial (dorsal)-abaxial (ventral) identity. Although several families of transcriptional and translational regulators have been identified in leaf polarity, their targets and the molecular basis for the regulatory circuitry are largely unknown. KANADI1 (KAN1), a member of the GARP family of transcription factors, is a key regulator of adaxial identity in leaf morphogenesis. The goal of my thesis study is to discover novel players and mechanisms associated with KAN to better elucidate the establishment of leaf polarity. My dissertation investigated the DNA binding specificity of KAN1 both in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro assay, I identified the 6 base pair motif GNATA (A/T) that the Myb-like domain in KAN1 recognizes. I also found that KAN1 acts as a transcriptional repressor in vivo and directly regulates several genes implicated in auxin responses and one in gibberellin (GA) metabolism. In addition, I studied in detail a specific target ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2), a key promoter of adaxial leaf fate. I demonstrated that KAN1 directly interacts with AS2 and represses its transcription in abaxial cells. Mutation of a single nucleotide in a KAN1 binding motif in the AS2 promoter abolishes KAN1 targeting leading to ectopic expression of AS2 in abaxial cells and conferring a dominant, adaxialized phenotype. These results suggest the significant role of KAN1 in determining abaxial fate and provide novel insights in dissecting the transcriptional network of leaf morphogenesis.
In addition to the transcriptional regulation, I also gave my focus to the translational regulation of leaf polarity by characterizing an enhancer of KAN, ARROW1 (ARO1). aro1-1 mutant shows pleotropic defects in development with significantly reduced overall growth rate that is due to the impaired proliferation of division competent cells in both leaves and roots. It also interacts with mutants of important leaf polarity genes probably by altering their expression timing, which suggests that ARO1 plays significant roles in dorsiventral patterning. I cloned ARO1 and it encodes a protein with a Pumilio/PUF RNA-binding domain. PUF domains have been shown to function in sequence-specific RNA binding and translational inhibition in various organisms. I also found that ARO1 functions specifically in 18S rRNA biosynthesis, a critical step for translational regulation in eukaryotes. These results indicate the importance of the translational network in controlling leaf polarity and provide a novel view for understanding the relationship of growth and leaf patterning, two essential factors responsible for leaf morphogenesis.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
x, 131 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references.
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Tengbo Huang
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
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Huang
NamePart (type = given)
Tengbo
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author
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Tengbo Huang
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Kerstetter
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Randall
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Randall A. Kerstetter
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Dooner
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Hugo
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Hugo K. Dooner
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lawton
NamePart (type = given)
Michael
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Michael A. Lawton
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Padgett
NamePart (type = given)
Richard
Role
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outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Richard W, Padgett
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-01
Location
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NjNbRU
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3F47PDT
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
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Open
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Detail
Non-exclusive ETD license
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License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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application/x-tar
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