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The lithic technology of a Late Woodland occupation on the Delaware Bay:

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
The lithic technology of a Late Woodland occupation on the Delaware Bay:
SubTitle
Kimble's Beach site, Cape May County, New Jersey
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier
ETD_1453
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051025
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Anthropology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Indians of North America--New Jersey--Cape May County--Antiquities
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Woodland culture
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Chert implements
Subject (ID = SBJ-5); (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Cape May County (N.J.)--Antiquities
Subject (ID = SBJ-6)
HierarchicalGeographic
Country
UNITED STATES
State
New Jersey
County
Cape May County
Abstract
This study aims to identify technological practices of Native American people who lived at the Kimble's Beach site (28CM36A) during the Late Woodland period (ca. 800/900-1650 AD) of Eastern prehistory. This site is located in the northern portion of the Cape May Peninsula along the margin of the Delaware Bay in New Jersey. It was jointly excavated by Rutgers University and Stockton State College in the period 1995-1998. The study is limited to the excavations at the Beach Face locus, which is the modern beach face. The site was in an upland location 400-500 m from the bay during the Late Woodland period.
Data collected from chipped stone debitage recovered from the beach face are compared with data collected from the debitage derived from experimentally replicated small triangular projectile points and several types of scrapers found in the assemblage to identify tool making behavior represented at the site. Sullivan and Rozen's flake types derived from the debitage of the tool making experiments and experimental bipolar and freehand reduction of alluvial chert pebbles were evaluated with discriminant analysis to determine if these reduction strategies may be distinguished by this data. Additional experimental work involved collecting and grading of chert and jasper gravels from the current beach face, heat treating a subset of split gravels, and conducting a reconnaissance for other lithic sources within a 10 km catchment area surrounding the site.
Selected attributes of the experimental debitage were assessed for their value to differentiate between reduction strategies, determine the proportion of biface and scraper manufacture, distinguish between starting forms for tool manufacture, identify biface reduction stages, determine the length of the biface trajectory, and to distinguish between hard hammer and pressure flakes. An experimental production rate for biface/uniface manufacture and general bipolar reduction of alluvial gravels was developed. A biface reduction sequence for production of triangular projectile points from alluvial chert and jasper gravels is proposed. Conclusions concerning the site function, mobility strategies employed, and any intrasite differences are discussed. A behavioral flow model that accounts for the choices that the Native American inhabitants of the Beach Face locus made in their use of lithic technology is presented. Recommendations for future research are given.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xxv, 461 p. : ill.
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Note (type = degree)
M.A.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 435-461)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by James P. Kotcho
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kotcho
NamePart (type = given)
James P.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
author
DisplayForm
James P. Kotcho
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Feibel
NamePart (type = given)
Craig
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
chair
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Craig S. Feibel
Name (ID = NAME-3); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Harris
NamePart (type = given)
John
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
John W.K. Harris
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gregg
NamePart (type = given)
Michael
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Michael L. Gregg
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-01
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg)
NjNbRU
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3SQ90MZ
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
RightsEvent (AUTHORITY = rulib); (ID = 1)
Type
Permission or license
Detail
Non-exclusive ETD license
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Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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ETD
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application/pdf
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application/x-tar
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5038080
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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