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Influence of social factors on mothers in treatment for substance use disorders

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Influence of social factors on mothers in treatment for substance use disorders
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_1972
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001800001.ETD.000051652
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Clinical Psychology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Mothers--Drug use
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Substance abuse--Treatment
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Social networks
Abstract
Consideration of women-specific issues in addictions treatment requires attention be given to the subset of women who are also mothers. For these women, the repercussions of substance use are often profound and far-reaching. Impaired decisions and parenting skills may increase risk for child abuse and neglect. This dissertation sought to better understand how the quality of a mother’s social resources and her substance use behaviors are influenced by her primary drug of choice (heroin, cocaine/crack, marijuana, alcohol). Social network characteristics and substance use behaviors were characterized at treatment entry, treatment discharge, and six months post-treatment in a sample of 246 women, with minor children, who received addictions treatment based on involvement with the New Jersey Division of Youth and Family Services. Nearly half of these women had not achieved the equivalent of a high school degree and the majority was unemployed and unmarried. At treatment entry, primary heroin users reported more frequent primary drug use, more poly-drug use, and less abstinence in the past thirty days than women with other drug preferences. However, heroin using mothers improved most during treatment, reporting similar frequencies of substance use and use-related problems at both follow-up assessments as women with other drug preferences. At treatment entry, all participants reported extensive contact with family dense social networks that supported general well-being, abstinence and treatment seeking. Primary marijuana users, however, reported networks that were more neutral towards their continued substance use than women with other drug preferences. Over time, marijuana using women reported an increase in the frequency of substance use by their network members whereas women with heroin and cocaine preferences reported decreases. Importantly, frequency of substance use by network members was the social network characteristic most highly correlated with concurrent and subsequent substance use and use-related problems. The reason for these marijuana-specific social network differences is not immediately clear, but may reflect a broad societal belief that marijuana is less physiologically, psychologically, and socially harmful than other drugs. Nonetheless, these results suggest that treatment may not adequately address the importance of social factors in the maintenance of marijuana use disorders.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
ix, 91 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Psy.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 83-91)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Nathan V. Hilton
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hilton
NamePart (type = given)
Nathan V.
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1976-
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author
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Nathan Hilton
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Morgan
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Thomas
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Thomas J Morgan
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Clifford
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Patrick
Role
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outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
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Patrick R Clifford
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
Role
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-10
Place
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xx
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001800001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3P84C21
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
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Hilton
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Nathan
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Name
Nathan Hilton
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
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License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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ETD
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application/pdf
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application/x-tar
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419840
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