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Plio-pleistocene stratigraphy and paleogeography for hominin remains from areas 130 and 133, Koobi Fora, Kenya

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Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Plio-pleistocene stratigraphy and paleogeography for hominin remains from areas 130 and 133, Koobi Fora, Kenya
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_2161
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051856
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Anthropology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Geology, Stratigraphic--Pliocene
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Geology, Stratigraphic--Pleistocene
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Paleography--Kenya
Abstract
The Koobi Fora Formation archives a record of hominin evolution for a three-million-year period (ca. 4-1 Ma) within the northeast Turkana Basin, Kenya. Assessing probable controls on the fossil or archaeological patterns in the formation requires an understanding of the spatial-temporal contexts of the hominin remains and detailed knowledge of the paleoenvironmental settings in which evolution occurred. Toward these ends, research was conducted in the basin to interrelate paleoanthropological sites from collection Areas 130 and 133, refine the paleogeography of the north-central Karari Escarpment, and ultimately provide a framework for establishing associations between hominin adaptations and habitats features in the Koobi Fora region. Results of sedimentological and stratigraphic analyses demonstrate that deposits of the upper Burgi/lower KBS members (~1.9 Ma) accumulated within a low-lying floodbasin setting, covering an area of about 8 km2 for the northern Karari. This setting supported vertisols and was locally incised in northern Area 133 by a channel that attained a minimal depth of 3 m and lateral extent of ≥100 m. Beginning in the middle KBS Member and continuing to the upper KBS Member, the landscape experienced repeated dissection, aggradation, and prolonged (103-105 years) calcic soil formation. Channel systems during this interval extended laterally for ≥2 km and evolved from a deeply incised (up to 8 m of erosive relief) sandy complex to a shallower braided network carrying abundant basaltic gravel. Deposits of the upper KBS/lower Okote members (~1.6 Ma) accumulated within a meandering channel and associated proximal floodplains. This landscape mainly aggraded through crevasse-splay sedimentation and supported immature alluvial soils. A similar floodplain style in Area 133 persisted to or resumed in the upper Okote/lower Chari members (~1.4 Ma). The oldest and youngest hominin remains are potentially represented by surface occurrences of stone tools in Area 133. Most hominin remains from Area 130 derive from both braided- and meandering-river environments of the upper KBS to lower Okote members. The paleogeography represented by the reconstructed depositional systems was influenced by monsoon-driven seasonality in an otherwise semi-arid climate, in addition to instances of extra-basin volcanism that caused rates of sediment supply to episodically increase. Additional controls may have stemmed from lake-level oscillations and/or increased regional aridity occurring at 1.8-1.7 Ma.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
xi, 259 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 228-258)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Christopher J. Lepre
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lepre
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Christopher J.
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1973-
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author
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Christopher J. Lepre
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Feibel
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Craig
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Craig S Feibel
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Harris
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John
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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John WK Harris
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Cachel
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Susan
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Susan Cachel
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Ashley
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Gail
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Gail M Ashley
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-10
Place
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xx
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3HM58M7
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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The author owns the copyright to this work
Copyright
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Copyright protected
Notice
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Availability
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Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
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Lepre
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Christopher
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Christopher Lepre
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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