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Anaerobic digestion of equine waste

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Anaerobic digestion of equine waste
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_2140
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051919
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Sciences
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Animal waste
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Horses
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Manures
Abstract
The goals of this project were to determine the methane production potential of horse manure during anaerobic digestion; to examine the effect of softwood chip bedding, pelleted Woody Pet® softwood bedding, and straw on the methane production potential of equine stall waste; and to investigate the feasibility of co-digestion of waste food and equine waste under thermophilic conditions.
Initial results suggested that softwood bedding may have inhibited methane production in 15 L semi-continuous digesters. However, further extensive investigation in batch and continuous flow digesters determined that softwood bedding did not inhibit methane production and, on the contrary, contributed to methane production. The methane production potential for horse manure at 35°C averaged 139 ± 65 L/ kg VS (average ± standard deviation) and 29 ± 15 L/ kg wet weight, corresponding to 9.2 ± 4.8 x 105 kJ / metric ton wet weight. The energy production potential of stall waste with softwood chip bedding ranged from 4.0 ± 0.4 x 105 kJ / metric ton wet weight to 6.6 ± 0.8 x 105 kJ / metric ton wet weight, depending upon the relative amount of bedding present.
Co-digestion of equine waste and food waste under thermophilic conditions was performed at the 20 L and 6.3 m3 scale. The 20 L thermophilic digesters were fed a variety of food wastes in addition to stall waste containing softwood bedding. The methane production from these digesters was 356 ± 61 L/kg VS-d. The large-scale (6.3 m3) digester was operated in excess of one year primarily on waste food and horse manure (no bedding). The loading rate increased over time to 1.7 kg VS/m3-d. The methane content of the biogas was 55.7 ± 5.2 %. Total ammonia nitrogen approached 5 g/L, suggesting a higher C:N ratio feed stock mixture than that afforded by the waste food and horse manure mixture might be necessary for future applications.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
x, 122 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 115-122)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Brian A. Wartell
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wartell
NamePart (type = given)
Brian A.
NamePart (type = date)
1984-
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author
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Brian A. Wartell
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Fennell
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Donna
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Donna E Fennell
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NamePart (type = family)
Strom
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Peter
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Peter Strom
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NamePart (type = family)
Both
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A.J.
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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A.J. Both
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NamePart (type = family)
Reinfelder
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John
Role
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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John Reinfelder
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-10
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T38K798D
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Wartell
GivenName
Brian
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Copyright holder
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Permission or license
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Place
DateTime
Detail
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Copyright holder
Name
Brian Wartell
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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ETD
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application/pdf
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application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
1198080
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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