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What do people count?

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
What do people count?
SubTitle
perceptual and conceptual influences on what is considered a countable object
TitleInfo (ID = T-2); (type = alternative)
Title
Perceptual and conceptual influences on what is considered a countable object
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_1999
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051980
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Concepts
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Abstraction
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Perception
Abstract
The only a priori constraint on the kinds of entities that can be the members of a to-be-counted collection is that they can be treated as if they are separate from each other. Otherwise, the result would not be a natural number. But, there is nothing about counting itself that dictates the nature of the entities for a given count. As Gelman and Gallistel (1978) noted, any items that can be treated as discrete can be collected together for a count. The entities need not be objects; they can be spaces between telephone poles, the number of great Presidents, or even the number of good ideas one had in a given time period. This degree of permissiveness introduces a fundamental question: What sets the boundary conditions on what is actually contained in a to-be-counted collection? The studies presented here demonstrate that people use a variety of constraints. These constraints include some that are highly conceptual, some that involve simple perceptual groupings, and some that are invoked by verbal labels or conversational pragmatics. The common characteristic of these options is that they provide contexts that place items at a common level of interpretation or perception. It is shown that the same rectangle can serve different framing effects depending on whether it is dubbed a mirror, a window, or a picture frame. It is also shown that the numerosity of a given number of circles is interpreted differently, depending on whether the circles are arranged concentrically, whether some of the circles are positioned inside others, or whether none of the circles are so bounded.
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
Extent
xiii, 169 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 148-151)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Dana Chesney
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Chesney
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Dana
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author
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Dana Chesney
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Gelman
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Rochel
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Rochel Gelman
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Feldman
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Jacob
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Jacob Feldman
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Leslie
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Alan
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Alan Leslie
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NamePart (type = family)
Gleitman
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Lila
Role
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Lila Gleitman
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB); (type = )
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009-10
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3FF3SH0
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Chesney
GivenName
Dana
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Copyright holder
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Permission or license
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Place
DateTime
Detail
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Name
Dana Chesney
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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ETD
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application/x-tar
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