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A framework for cultural heritage digital libraries in the developing world

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
A framework for cultural heritage digital libraries in the developing world
SubTitle
access to non-textual information for non-literate people in Morocco
Identifier
ETD_2313
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000052139
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3S75GGM
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Communication, Information and Library Studies
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Digital libraries--Social aspects
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Digital libraries--Social aspects--Morocco
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Information technology--Social aspects
Abstract (type = abstract)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the role that Digital Libraries (DLs) can play in the transmission of information for non-literate people in the developing world. People from oral cultures are well-positioned to exploit DLs as a way of accessing audio-visual (A/V) documents if the DL is properly adapted. Cultural heritage documents created by researchers during fieldwork may be audio, video, or images that can be sources of national pride for non-literate citizens; these documents could be stored in a cultural heritage DL (CHDL) for online access by non-literate citizens. The primary methodology employed in this study is a review of relevant literature. National culture and universal usability contribute to cultural usability, the human aspects of DL use being explored. Machine aspects of DLs are investigated within the Library and Information Science (LIS) framework, with an emphasis on theories of organization of information and information retrieval, and a complementary discussion of the read/write Web. The concept of DL interface as intermediary between humans and machines is explored in the context of the developing world. Supplementary methodologies for approaching the problem of access for non-literate users in the developing world include ethnographically-based reflections on daily life, opportunistic conversations with colleagues in Morocco during a 10-month Fulbright teaching grant, and a content analysis of Moroccan Web sites. The resulting framework considers the differences between Western and non-Western cultures in terms of system structure and interface design in light of the "mental programming" of non-literate users. Contributions of this study include recommendations for ways to meet needs of non-literate citizens, with an emphasis on the role of the community instead of the individual. This study recommends that each national culture be studied in order for a successful CHDL to be created. It also outlines a paradigm shift in library services in the developing world to consider the provision of access to A/V materials for non-literate citizens through DLs. Suggested future work includes the creation of a CHDL with read/write functionalities supporting contributions by non-literate citizens to democratize information creation along with access.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xvi, 215 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 196-207)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Heather Lea Moulaison
Name (type = personal)
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Moulaison
NamePart (type = given)
Heather Lea
NamePart (type = date)
1974-
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author
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Heather Lea Moulaison
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Lesk
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Michael
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Michael E. Lesk
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O'Connor
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Daniel
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Daniel O'Connor
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Wacholder
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Nina
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Nina Wacholder
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cloonan
NamePart (type = given)
Michèle
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Michèle V. Cloonan
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
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school
OriginInfo
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2010
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010-01
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Moulaison
GivenName
Heather
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
Label
Place
DateTime
2009-12-17 00:41:46
Detail
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Role
Copyright holder
Name
Heather Moulaison
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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application/x-tar
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