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How patrol officers construct and use demographic maps to navigate the social landscapes of their towns of employ

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
How patrol officers construct and use demographic maps to navigate the social landscapes of their towns of employ
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_2429
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000052147
Language (objectPart = )
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eng
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theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Sociology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Demographic surveys--Design and construction
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Police patrol
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Cultural landscapes
Abstract
In an effort to explain persistent racial disparities in criminal justice outcomes, this project investigates how patrol officers construct cognitive maps of various racial, ethnic, and class groups as a means of navigating the social terrain of their towns of employ. In particular, I explore how various structural and cultural features of local communities shape and condition officers' social group schemata in order to determine the influence that communal contexts have on officers' social cognition, and ultimately, their approaches to policing various racial, ethnic, and class groups. Drawing upon 49 ethnographic ride-along interviews and observations with officers in three suburban towns of varying racial, ethnic, and class diversity, I found that communal factors relating to power, culture, and space play a significant role in conditioning officers' social group schemata, and that officers within a particular town collectively construct and share racial and other social group schemata that differ in important ways from those of officers in other towns. My findings regarding the substantial degree of between town variation in officers' social group schemata challenges the notion that cognition relating to race and other social categories is a rather static, uniform process guided by subconscious racial, ethnic, and class stereotypes that are part of a macro-societal schema. In addition, my findings call into question conflict theory's fundamental premise that police officers routinely do the bidding of powerful groups at the expense of powerless groups. My findings demonstrate that even where officers in different towns share similar, negative, stereotypical views of certain racial, ethnic, and class groups, the structural constraints in some communities effectively preclude officers from targeting such groups or otherwise treating them inequitably. Above all else, my findings highlight how both social cognition and policing are heavily dependent on communal context.
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electronic resource
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xi, 536 p.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 522-533)
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by Paul Reck
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Reck
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Paul
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1965-
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Paul Reck
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Hirschfield
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Paul
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Paul J. Hirschfield
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Lee
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Catherine
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Catherine Lee
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Carr
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Patrick
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Patrick Carr
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Dinzey-Flores
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Zaire
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Zaire Dinzey-Flores
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Bashi-Treitler
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Vilna
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Vilna Bashi-Treitler
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Carlson
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Kenneth
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Kenneth Carlson
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Rutgers University
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
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school
OriginInfo
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2010
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2010-01
Place
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xx
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3T43T74
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
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Name
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Reck
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Paul
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Place
DateTime
2010-01-11 15:55:00
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Paul Reck
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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License
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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ETD
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application/x-tar
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