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Development and application of a coupled SWMM-MODFLOW model for an urban wetland

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Development and application of a coupled SWMM-MODFLOW model for an urban wetland
SubTitle
PartName
PartNumber
NonSort
Identifier (displayLabel = ); (invalid = )
ETD_2314
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000052214
Language (objectPart = )
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Sciences
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Urban runoff--Management
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Groundwater flow
Abstract
Kearny Marsh is located within the Hackensack Meadowlands and since it was formed almost forty years ago, has been negatively impacted by activities that have altered its hydrology (ditching, urban stormwater infrastructure, construction of the western spur of the New Jersey Turnpike). The primary goals of this research were to characterize existing hydrology of Kearny Marsh, to predict effects on marsh hydrology of proposals to redevelop and reuse the site, and to project future marsh water levels under drought and high precipitation conditions. To analyze various components of this complex system, a Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) surface water model and a Visual MODFLOW groundwater model were developed, calibrated, and validated. SWMM was linked to MODFLOW through exchange of evapotranspiration and infiltration data between the models. The coupled models provided water budgets for Kearny Marsh in order to characterize its hydrology. The validated SWMM and MODFLOW linked models were used to simulate hydrological impacts of a slurry wall around Keegan Landfill and redevelopment of portions of the wetland. Results from field measurements and model simulations indicate that Kearny Marsh is a groundwater discharge wetland with a shallow groundwater table. Groundwater flow is in an eastern direction, towards the Hackensack River. Flow velocities are slow, which are consistent with measured hydraulic conductivities. Hydrology is also influenced by tidal action that affects flooding frequency in the surrounding area. A broken bulkhead between Kearny Marsh and Frank's Creek allows for additional water inputs into the marsh when high tides are occurring. If this situation is coupled with a storm event, flooding may occur in surrounding areas. This was both predicted in the SWMM model and observed in the field. This combination of a shallow water table that gets elevated during storm events, development reducing the areas available to infiltrate stormwater, and drainage deficiencies due to the broken bulkhead connecting Frank's Creek and Kearny Marsh account for flooding reported in Kearny, NJ. Proposed development and installation of a slurry wall around portions of Keegan Landfill was predicted to create hydrologic changes that are consistent with urban impacts (increased flows, decreased infiltration and increased evaporation).
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
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ix, 215 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 190-202)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Steven Edward Yergeau
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Yergeau
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Steven E.
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author
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Steven E. Yergeau
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Obropta
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Christopher
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Christopher C Obropta
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Strom
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Peter
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Peter Strom
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Uchrin
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Christopher
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Christopher Uchrin
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Ravit
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Beth
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Beth Ravit
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Kallin
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Peter
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Peter Kallin
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NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (point = ); (qualifier = exact)
2010
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010-01
Place
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xx
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Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
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Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3J1039P
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Yergeau
GivenName
Steven
Role
Copyright Holder
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Place
DateTime
2009-12-17 11:38:00
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Steven Yergeau
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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