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Development and evaluation of piezoelectric ceramic-polymer composite sensors for weigh-in-motion applications

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Development and evaluation of piezoelectric ceramic-polymer composite sensors for weigh-in-motion applications
Identifier
ETD_1636
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000052256
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Piezoelectric ceramics
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Polymeric composites
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Motor vehicle scales
Abstract
This research explored the development and implementation of a novel, durable, higher voltage, and lower temperature dependant weigh-in-motion (WIM) sensor. These better sensors will require fewer lane closings and replacements than existing sensors. They will also aid the Departments of Transportation to better identify those vehicles that do not comply with the current weight restrictions. The primary focus of the research was to create a full scale WIM sensor that is less temperature dependent and more durable than traditional WIM sensors. Traditionally, the data collected from the sensor may be utilized in two ways. The first is by using static vehicle effects on the sensor, which corresponds to the weight of the vehicle, this data can be used for enforcement of the vehicle legal weight limits. The second is by using the dynamic loading of the sensor, which relates to the actual loading that the roadway is experiencing, this data will be useful to engineers who must design the roadway as well as plan for repair schedules. In addition, instead of just using WIM data to screen commercial vehicles or for pavement design; there is a new recognition that good data can be useful for bridge structural analysis, safety analysis, traffic control and operations, freight management and operations, facility planning and programming, and standards and policy enforcement as per the recent report "Effective Use of Weigh-in-Motion Data, the Netherlands Case Study" FHWA October 2007. In lieu of this development, the need for better sensors to provide good data is more important today than ever before. The ceramic-polymer composite sensors performed extremely well in all laboratory testing. However, under full-scale field implementation, a rather aggressive goal, the sensors and sensor assemblies experienced some level of failure. During the forensic evaluation it was found that that the pavement section for the full-scale testing was already quite old and significantly fatigued. Therefore, the test site was prone to fail almost immediately after installation. Discounting the results of the full-scale field testing, the PZT-5H ceramic-polymer composite sensor performed with less variability due to temperature and produced higher voltage output than standard PVDF materials.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xxviii, 358 p. : ill.
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 354-355)
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Patrick Joseph Szary
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Szary
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Patrick J.
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author
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Patrick J. Szary
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Maher
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Ali
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Ali Maher
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Gucunski
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Nenad
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Nenad Gucunski
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NamePart (type = family)
Williams
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Trefor
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Trefor Williams
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
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Safari
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Ahmad
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internal member
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Ahmad Safari
Name (ID = NAME-6); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zaghloul
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Sameh
Role
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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Sameh Zaghloul
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NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
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degree grantor
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Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
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school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2009
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2009
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Location
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NjNbRU
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3CF9Q77
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Notice
Note
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Note
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Szary
GivenName
Patrick
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (AUTHORITY = rulib); (ID = RE-1)
Type
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Label
Place
DateTime
2009-04-10 18:58:11
Detail
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Name
Patrick Szary
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
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Author Agreement License
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I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Place
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365 days
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