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Coralline P/CA

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Coralline P/CA
SubTitle
development and application of a novel surface ocean phosphate proxy
TitleInfo (ID = T-2); (type = alternative)
Title
Development and application of a novel surface ocean phosphate proxy
Identifier
ETD_2516
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000053103
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Oceanography
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Oceanography--Research
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Phosphates
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Chemical oceanography
Subject (ID = SBJ-5); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Paleoceanography
Abstract (type = abstract)
The supply of limiting nutrients to the low latitude ocean is controlled by physical processes linked to climate variations, but methods for reconstructing past nutrient concentrations in the surface ocean are few and indirect. This thesis presents the first calibration and downcore application of a new surface ocean phosphate (PO4 SW) proxy derived from coral skeleton P/Ca ratios. Skeletal P/Ca cycles tracked variations in past PO4 SW synchronously with temperature variations associated with seasonal upwelling in a 4-year Gulf of Panamá Pavona gigantea coral. P/Ca records in co-located Gulf of Panamá Pavona gigantea and Porites lobata colonies were strongly correlated to a contemporaneous time-series record of PO4 SW, supporting application of multi-colony calibration equations to down-core records. The P/Ca proxy was applied downcore to reconstruct an 18-year history of central equatorial Pacific PO4 SW. The PO4 SW record decreased during El Niño warm phases, resulting from decreased upwelling. In addition, a large 6-fold decrease in PO4 SW occurred from ~1982-1990, distinct from sea surface temperature changes in the central Equatorial Pacific. The decadal scale nutrient regime shift likely occurred in response to the observed decreases in wind stress and equatorial upwelling with possible linkages to the 1976/77 climate shift and changes in mid-latitude upwelling source water. The reliability of P/Ca was tested in low nutrient environments (Gulf of Eilat, Israel and Florida Keys, USA). Downcore P/Ca variability is low on centennial timescales in the Florida Keys record, implying that other possible influences on P incorporation (i.e. biological vital effects) are minimal and that the P/Ca proxy is not subject to major diagenetic alteration. With further development, the coralline P/Ca proxy could be applied to reconstruct PO4 SW on millennial timescales and be used to place modern tropical and subtropical nutrient distributions and dynamics in a paleoceanographic perspective.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xxi, 210 p. : ill.
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note
Includes abstract
Note
Vita
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Michèle Gloria LaVigne
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
LaVigne
NamePart (type = given)
Michèle Gloria
NamePart (type = date)
1981-
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
DisplayForm
Michèle LaVigne
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sherrell
NamePart (type = given)
Robert M
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Robert M Sherrell
Name (ID = NAME-3); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Reinfelder
NamePart (type = given)
John
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
John Reinfelder
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rosenthal
NamePart (type = given)
Yair
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Yair Rosenthal
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cobb
NamePart (type = given)
Kim M
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Kim M Cobb
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2010
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3GM87CH
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
LaVigne
GivenName
Michèle
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
DateTime
2010-03-30 01:01:02
AssociatedEntity (ID = AE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
Michèle LaVigne
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

ContentModel
ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
MimeType (TYPE = container)
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
34744320
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
24419acc04592395057d44481492ff8d16bd2153
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