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Molecular dynamic simulations of the intergranular films between alumina and silicon nitride crystal grains

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
Molecular dynamic simulations of the intergranular films between alumina and silicon nitride crystal grains
Identifier
ETD_463
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000054804
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Materials Science and Engineering
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Aluminum oxide--Mechanical properties
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Silicon nitride--Mechanical properties
Abstract (type = abstract)
The intergranular films (IGFs) between the ceramics grains have very important effects on the structure and mechanical properties on the whole ceramics and have been studied for many decades. In the thesis, molecular dynamic (MD) computer simulations were applied to study the IGFs between the alumina and silicon nitride ceramic grains. Preferential adsorption of specific ions from the IGFs to the contacting surfaces of the alumina crystals was observed in the study of calcium-alumino-silicate glassy (CAS) IGFs formed between the combined basal and prism orientations of -Al2O3 crystals. This segregation of specific ions to the interface enables formation of localized, ordered structures between the IGF and the crystals. However, the segregation behavior of the ions is anisotropic, depending on the orientation of the -Al2O3 crystals. Self-diffusion of calcium ions between these CAS IGFs was also carried out by MD simulations. The results show that the diffusion coefficients adjacent to the interfaces are smaller and the activation energies are much higher than those in the interior of the IGF and in bulk glasses. It was also suggested that Ca transport is mainly though the interior of the IGF and implies that diffusion would be significantly inhibited by sufficiently thin IGFs. The growth of the alumina ceramic grains was simulated in the contacting with IGFs containing high concentrations of aluminum ions. Five different compositions in the IGFs were studied. Results show preferential growth along the [ ] of the ( ) surface in comparison to growth along the [0001] direction on the (0001) surface for compositions near a Ca/Al ratio of 0.5. The simulations also show the mechanism by which Ca ions in the IGF inhibit growth on the basal surface. The simulations provide an atomistic view of attachment onto crystal surfaces, affecting grain growth in alumina. The dissolution of the alumina crystal grains in the silicate melts is another important issue in the application of alumina ceramics. The simulations results showed that alumina grains dissolved into the melts homogeneously at very high temperatures. The orientation of the crystals and the compositions of the melts only take effect at some intermediate temperatures, to make the alumina grains dissolution anisotropic. The fracture phenomena of the pure silica IGFs between the basal silicon nitride crystals were studied by applying the constant tensile strain on the simulated IGF system, as well as for the bulk silica glass for the comparison. The data indicated that the fracture was happened in the interior of the IGFs and the thickness of the IGFs has important effect on the fracture stress/strain relationships.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xv, 130 p. : ill.
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note
Includes abstract
Note
Vita
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Shenghong Zhang
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zhang
NamePart (type = given)
Shenghong
Role
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author
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Shenghong Zhang
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Garofalini
NamePart (type = given)
Stephen H.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Stephen H. Garofalini
Name (ID = NAME-3); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Klein
NamePart (type = given)
Lisa C.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Lisa C. Klein
Name (ID = NAME-4); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sigel
NamePart (type = given)
George H
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
George H Sigel
Name (ID = NAME-5); (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Benaroya
NamePart (type = given)
Haym
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
DisplayForm
Haym Benaroya
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2007
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2007
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T38S4PVH
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
ZHANG
GivenName
SHENGHONG
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
DateTime
2007-09-28 12:50:40
AssociatedEntity (ID = AE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
SHENGHONG ZHANG
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

ContentModel
ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
MimeType (TYPE = container)
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
3635200
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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