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From State collectives to local commons

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo (ID = T-1)
Title
From State collectives to local commons
SubTitle
cooperation and collective action among salmon fishers and reindeer herders in Kamchatka, Russia
Identifier
ETD_2927
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000056355
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2); (type = code)
eng
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
Subject (ID = SBJ-1); (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Anthropology
Subject (ID = SBJ-2); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Cooperation--Russia--Kamchatka Peninsula
Subject (ID = SBJ-3); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Collectivism--Russia--Kamchatka Peninsula
Subject (ID = SBJ-4); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Fishers--Russia--Kamchatka Peninsula
Subject (ID = SBJ-5); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Ethnology--Russia--Kamchatka Peninsula
Subject (ID = SBJ-6); (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Reindeer herders--Russia--Kamchatka Peninsula
Abstract (type = abstract)
This dissertation examines the factors influencing the emergence and stability of cooperation and collective action among salmon fishers and reindeer herders living on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Patterns of cooperation and the practices that sustain them have undergone dramatic changes following the collectivization and cultural construction of the Soviet era and the subsequent privatization and collapse of Soviet collectives in the 1990s. I examine the effects of these events in three contexts: (1) contemporary foraging activities; (2) post-Soviet collective institutions that continue to coordinate these activities; and (3) collective action movements addressing issues of indigenous rights, economic development, environmental conservation, and natural resource use. During 19 months of ethnographic research, I collected data on cooperation in these three contexts by combining qualitative and quantitative methods. Using a structured survey, I collected measures of food-sharing for hunted, gathered, and gardened foods that allow me to trace networks of social support within communities. I also conducted experimental economic games with fishers and herders in two villages, comparing levels of cooperation in Kamchatka with large and small-scale societies throughout the world. Combining standard versions of the games with versions “framed” to reference collective institutions, I forged connections between the abstract structure of the games and the lived experiences of the people who participated in them. I explored these connections further by comparing experimental measures of cooperation with the food-sharing behaviors of game participants, assessing the external validity of economic games as measures of cooperation. Using post-game interviews, I invited game participants to provide their own interpretations of the results and reflect on how the games related to experiences in their everyday lives. These interviews continued ongoing conversations that emerged as I participated in and observed daily life in Kamchatka throughout the seasons. By accompanying fishers and herders on foraging excursions in the tundra, observing efforts to transform and manage post-Soviet collective institutions within the village, and locating points of contact between local leaders and outside organizations, I gained an intimate understanding of the cultural norms and values used to form and sustain cooperative relationships within the community and across broader scales.
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
Extent
xi, 359 p. : ill.
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
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text/xml
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Andrew Patrick Gerkey
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = personal)
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Gerkey
NamePart (type = given)
Andrew Patrick
NamePart (type = date)
1979-
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author
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Andrew Gerkey
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Cronk
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Lee
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chair
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Advisory Committee
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Lee Cronk
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Fox
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Robin
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Robin Fox
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McCay
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Bonnie J
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internal member
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Advisory Committee
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Bonnie J McCay
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Palombit
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Ryne A
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Ryne A Palombit
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Ziker
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John P
Role
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outside member
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Advisory Committee
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John P Ziker
Name (ID = NAME-1); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (ID = NAME-2); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2010
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2010-10
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3445M8N
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (ID = PRH-1); (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Gerkey
GivenName
Andrew
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent (ID = RE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
Permission or license
DateTime
2010-09-28 14:50:20
AssociatedEntity (ID = AE-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
Andrew Gerkey
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject (ID = AO-1); (AUTHORITY = rulib)
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
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Technical

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ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
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application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
3409920
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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