Staff View
Chemical characterization of urban air pollutants in precipitation, aerosols and gas-phases in northeast New Jersey in the US east coast

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Chemical characterization of urban air pollutants in precipitation, aerosols and gas-phases in northeast New Jersey in the US east coast
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Song
NamePart (type = given)
Fei
NamePart (type = date)
1981-
DisplayForm
Fei Song
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gao
NamePart (type = given)
Yuan
DisplayForm
Yuan Gao
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Elzinga
NamePart (type = given)
Evert
DisplayForm
Evert Elzinga
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gates
NamePart (type = given)
Alexander
DisplayForm
Alexander Gates
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Meng
NamePart (type = given)
Xiaoguang
DisplayForm
Xiaoguang Meng
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2011
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2011-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Science
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Air--Pollution--New Jersey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Air quality management--New Jersey
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Note (type = degree)
Ph. D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Fei Song
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xvi, 159 p. : ill.
Extent
xvi, 159 p. : ill.
Abstract (type = abstract)
To chemically characterize urban air pollution in the US east coast, precipitation for water-soluble inorganic/organic ions and trace metals, aerosols for trace metals, and gas-phase samples for NOx, O3 and NO3 were studied in northeast New Jersey
metropolitan areas from 2006 to 2008. Precipitation and aerosols were collected by automatic wet-only precipitation collector and MOUDI (Multi-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor), respectively, while gaseous pollutants were measured by O3/NOx analyzers. Results showed that sulfate (SO4 2-) and ammonium (NH4 +) are the most dominant ions controlling the precipitation acidity (pH 3.8 ~ 6.4). Acetate (CH3COO−) and formate (HCOO−) are the major water-soluble organic acid species in the region. The elements Al,
Zn and Fe are dominant in the mass of the trace metals measured. Major sources for pollutants in precipitation were identified as: (1) nitrogen-enriched soil, (2) secondary pollution processes, (3) marine sources, (4) incineration, (5) oil combustion, and (6) malonate-vanadium-enriched sources. About half of the precipitation events were characterized by mixed sources. For the size distributions of aerosol particles collected during this study, the total aerosol mass showed a typical bimodal distribution with two peaks around 0.32-0.56μm and 3.2-5.6μm. Typical crustal trace metals (Fe, Cu, Mn and Sc) had coarse particulate
accumulation mode and their enrichment factors showed tilted normal distributions pattern peaking at 1.0-1.8μm, while the other trace metals had fine particulate accumulation mode and their enrichment factor showed monotonic decline patterns with
overwhelmingly high peaks in the size range of 0.18-0.32μm. Three major traffic related
sources for trace metals were identified: (1) brake wear and fuel combustion, (2) primary fuel combustion, and (3) tire abrasion and fuel combustion. Results from the gas-phase measurements showed significant diurnal and weekday/weekend variations in the O3 concentrations, with higher concentrations being
found during the daytime and on weekends. The 24-h diurnal variations of O3 and NOx showed a typical four-periods pattern: (1) morning NOx peak, (2) mid-day O3 formation, (3) afternoon NOx accumulation, and (4) nighttime balancing. NOx and O3 showed negative correlations indicating possible VOC-sensitive characteristics while no obvious influence of HNO3 on O3 was observed.
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10002600001.ETD.000061121
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3PC31RH
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Song
GivenName
Fei
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2011-04-24 11:42:55
AssociatedEntity
Name
Fei Song
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
7999488
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
ContentModel
ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
MimeType (TYPE = container)
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
8007680
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
53853962d592d83ed9029ae2f0e42874d1df0331
Back to the top
Version 8.3.13
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2020