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Air pollution, meteorology and public health in New Jersey

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TitleInfo
Title
Air pollution, meteorology and public health in New Jersey
SubTitle
case studies of Newark and the Meadowlands
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Roberts-Semple
NamePart (type = given)
Dawn
DisplayForm
Dawn Roberts-Semple
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gao
NamePart (type = given)
Yuan
DisplayForm
Yuan Gao
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gates
NamePart (type = given)
Alexander
DisplayForm
Alexander Gates
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Elzinga
NamePart (type = given)
Evert
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Evert Elzinga
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Mammo
NamePart (type = given)
Abate
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Abate Mammo
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2012
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2012-05
CopyrightDate (qualifier = exact)
2012
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Air pollutant concentrations vary with local meteorological conditions and can have deleterious effects on human health. This dissertation adapts an integrated approach to improve understanding about the role of meteorological factors on air pollution concentrations and their cumulative effects on public health in Newark and the Meadowlands, New Jersey. Filter-based samples of particulate matter (PM) were collected and meteorological variables were monitored in Newark from August to October 2009 and from December 2010 to January 2011. Measurements of daily maximum ground-level ozone (O3) were obtained from Newark Firehouse, a monitoring station in the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection network (NJDEP). Ambient concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and O3 were measured and meteorological variables were monitored at the Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute (MERI) from June 2007 to May 2008, to characterize the temporal and seasonal variations of gas-phase air pollutants. Health records of respiratory hospital admissions were obtained from St. Michael’s Medical Center in Newark and the New Jersey State Department of Health and Senior Services (NJDHSS). Statistical analyses were conducted by using time series, multiple linear and principal component regression techniques. The results show that ambient levels of PM2.5 and O3 were influenced mainly by temperature and wind speed. Positive associations demonstrated among O3, PM and hospital admissions suggest that even below current federal standards, air pollutant levels could be associated with an increased risk for respiratory illnesses. Variability of NOx and O3 were altered by distinct atmospheric conditions and chemical inter-conversions of the pollutants. There was an inverse relationship between concentrations of NOx and O3; the latter was dominant in summer and specific time of the day (early afternoon). Seasonal variations of NOx were less distinct with strong diurnal patterns of traffic-related peaks during the early morning rush hour. There was a strong association between NOx and respiratory hospital admissions mainly in the winter season. For O3, association with hospital admissions was strongest at 2 lag days. Both climate-induced and pollution-induced health effects of NOx and O3 suggest that current national standards may not adequately provide a safe threshold for air pollutants from a public health perspective.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Science
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Air--Pollution--New Jersey--Newark--Case studies
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Air--Pollution--New Jersey--Hackensack Meadowlands--Case studies
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Identifier
ETD_4056
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10002600001.ETD.000065058
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xii, 109 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Dawn Roberts-Semple
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T37H1HJ6
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Roberts-Semple
GivenName
Dawn
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2012-04-30 12:40:48
AssociatedEntity
Name
Dawn Roberts-Semple
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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