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Asymmetric anchoring

Descriptive

Genre (authority = marcgt)
thesis
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
211 p.
TypeOfResource
Text
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
TitleInfo
Title
Asymmetric anchoring
Identifier (type = ROA)
604
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore00000002165.ETD.000064921
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3Z89B77
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Linguistics
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Phonology
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Prosodic morphology
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
trucation
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
anchoring
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
edge
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
position faithfulness
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Reduplication (Linguistics)
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Asymmetry (Linguistics)
Abstract (type = abstract)
In this dissertation I reveal an inherent asymmetry in the grammar regarding faithfulness constraints across representations; only left edge anchoring constraints are necessary. Anchoring constraints are, I argue, Positional Faithfulness constraints (Beckman 1998), and the asymmetry is grounded in the type of psycholinguistic privilege commonly associated with initial position. Reduplicative morphemes furthermore are positioned by anchoring and locality alone. Several encouraging predictions result from this Positional Anchoring proposal. Most importantly, reduplication or truncation that does exhibit right edge correspondence with the base must be compelled; in terms of edge correspondence, only left edge correspondence can function as the default. Second, violation of Marantz’s Generalization cannot be required merely in order to satisfy reduplicant alignment constraints. In addition, a system may allow a reduplicant to alternate between left and right edges of a stem, as dictated by other constraints in the language. I argue that Lakhota exhibits just such a pattern. Several questions arise from proposal. The first involves cases where the segment near but not at the left edge of the relevant morpheme is the one targeted. I propose a system of base formation that leads such “gradient” cases to involve copying of the segment that indeed stands at the left edge of the base, as the base is constructed by independent constraints. The dramatic case of Bella Coola is used to illustrate the proposed system. Some cases of apparent right edge copying support a novel constraint, EDGE-ANCHOR, which targets segments at both edges of the main stressed foot of the base, which may or may not be coextensive with morpheme edges. Data from Semai, Ulu Muar Malay, Dutch, Tagalog, Yidiø, and Makassarese are examined in this light. Additional apparent counter-examples involve stressed syllable copying. Several examples, including data from Nancowry, French, and Lakhota illustrate that a main stressed syllable target offers a superior explanation of the attested patterns. Finally, other apparent counter examples are argued not to involve reduplication at all. Rather, these examples show augmentation to a requisite size by means of copying. The examples are taken from Tzotzil, Tzeltal, and Yoruba. An augmentation analysis is independently motivated for each, offering further support for the more restrictive theory of asymmetric anchoring.
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Nelson
NamePart (type = given)
Nicole Alice
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrelator); (type = text)
Author
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrelator); (type = text)
Degree grantor
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2003
DateOther (encoding = w3cdtf); (type = degree)
2003
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers Optimality Archive
Identifier (type = local)
rucore00000002165
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School-New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = GS); (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Nelson
GivenName
Nicole Alice
Role
Copyright holder
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Technical

ContentModel
ETD
MimeType (TYPE = file)
application/pdf
MimeType (TYPE = container)
application/x-tar
FileSize (UNIT = bytes)
1095680
Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
8f2afa9dc2a300639b1973d71db1e66395200ced
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