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Multiple inverse-diffusion flame synthesis of carbon nanomaterials

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TitleInfo
Title
Multiple inverse-diffusion flame synthesis of carbon nanomaterials
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Memon
NamePart (type = given)
Nasir K.
NamePart (type = date)
1982-
DisplayForm
Nasir Memon
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Tse
NamePart (type = given)
Stephen D
DisplayForm
Stephen D Tse
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jaluria
NamePart (type = given)
Yogesh
DisplayForm
Yogesh Jaluria
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Shan
NamePart (type = given)
Jerry
DisplayForm
Jerry Shan
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Chhowalla
NamePart (type = given)
Manish
DisplayForm
Manish Chhowalla
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2012
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2012-10
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Carbon nanomaterials exhibit many remarkable electrical and physical properties. An ongoing challenge associated with specific novel carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene, is the development of large-scale production methods at low cost. The broad objective of this work is to investigate flame synthesis of carbon nanomaterials, specifically graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), using open-atmosphere processing, with an eye towards scalability. An experimental study using a novel setup, based on multiple inverse-diffusion flames is undertaken to investigate the direct flame-synthesis of CNTs and graphene on metal substrates. Few-layer graphene (FLG) is grown on copper and nickel substrates at high rates using the novel flame-synthesis burner. Substrate material (i.e. copper, nickel, cobalt, iron, and copper-nickel alloy), along with its temperature and hydrogen pretreatment, strongly impacts the quality and uniformity of the graphene films. The growth of FLG occurs in the temperature range 750-950°C for copper and 600-850°C for nickel and cobalt. For iron, the growth of graphene is not exclusively observed. CNT growth is observed on a number of substrates. Transitional growth between CNTs and graphene films occurs on nickel and nickel alloys, depending on composition and temperature. For nickel, copper-nickel, nitinol, and Inconel substrates, CNTs grow at 500°C. The transitional growth to few-layer graphene is observed on nickel, copper-nickel and Inconel by changing the substrate temperature to 850°C. The growth of graphene is not observed on nitinol for the examined experimental conditions. The growth of few-layer graphene films and CNTs are also investigated using various metal-oxide spinels as catalysts. The growth of CNTs is examined on NiAl2O4, CoAl2O4 and ZnFe2O4 using counterflow diffusion flame and multiple inverse-diffusion flames, while the growth of graphene is examined on CuFe2O4 using multiple inverse-diffusion flames. Finally, the growth of CNTs and iron oxide is studied on stainless steel. At low temperatures (500oC) the growth of α-Fe2O3 is observed, while at higher temperatures (850oC) the growth of CNTs is observed. Additionally, by following a two-step growth process, where the temperature is changed from 500oC to 850oC, the growth of CNTs and γ-Fe2O3 occurs.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_4092
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xxv, 175 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Nasir K. Memon
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Nanostructured materials
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Carbon composites
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Carbon--Synthesis
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000066914
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3DV1HNJ
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Memon
GivenName
Nasir
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2012-05-03 09:56:58
AssociatedEntity
Name
Nasir Memon
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2012-10-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2013-10-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 31st, 2013.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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