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Source lithology of the Galápagos plume

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TitleInfo
Title
Source lithology of the Galápagos plume
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Vidito
NamePart (type = given)
Christopher Allen
NamePart (type = date)
1976-
DisplayForm
Christopher Vidito
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Herzberg
NamePart (type = given)
Claude T
DisplayForm
Claude T Herzberg
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Feigenson
NamePart (type = given)
Mark D
DisplayForm
Mark D Feigenson
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Carr
NamePart (type = given)
Michael J
DisplayForm
Michael J Carr
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2012
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2012-10
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
We have measured the contents of Ni, Ca, and Mn in olivine phenocrysts from volcanoes in the Galápagos archipelago to infer the mantle source lithologies. Results show that peridotite is the dominant source lithology for Fernandina, Floreana, Genovesa, Marchena, Pinta, Wolf Island, and Darwin Island. These volcanoes largely characterize the PLUME, WD, FLO and DUM Nd, Sr, and Pb isotopic endmembers of Harpp and White (2001). Only a minor pyroxenite component contributes to Fernandina and Floreana. Peridotite is also the dominant source lithology for Volcan Wolf, Alcedo, and Cerro Azul, and that these have isotopic compositions that can be defined by mixing of the 4 endmembers. Peridotite is therefore the dominant source lithology of the Galápagos plume. However, pyroxenite melting is significant in two spatially separated domains which are also isotopically distinct: Roca Redonda, Volcan Ecuador, Sierra Negra in the enriched western part of the archipelago and Volcan Darwin, Santiago, Santa Cruz, and Santa Fe in the depleted east. An implication is that the western and eastern pyroxenite domains likely represent two separate bodies of recycled crust within the Galápagos mantle plume. Isotopically enriched and depleted domains of the archipelago melted from both peridotite and pyroxenite, and there is no relationship between source lithology and its isotopic characteristics. The identification of peridotite source melting in volcanoes with isotopic characteristics that have been attributed to recycled crust points to the importance of mixing in OIB genesis, in agreement with studies on the Canary Islands.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Geological Sciences
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Galapagos Rift
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_4277
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
vii, 204 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Christopher Allen Vidito
Subject (authority = lcsh/lcnaf)
Geographic
Galapagos Islands--Description and travel
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000067010
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3PV6J4M
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Vidito
GivenName
Christopher
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2012-09-24 11:01:16
AssociatedEntity
Name
Christopher Vidito
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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Checksum (METHOD = SHA1)
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