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Measuring sprawl in the United States

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TitleInfo
Title
Measuring sprawl in the United States
SubTitle
a comparative analysis of procedures and results
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wu
NamePart (type = given)
Yue
DisplayForm
Yue Wu
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Burchell
NamePart (type = given)
Robert W.
DisplayForm
Robert W. Burchell
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jagannathan
NamePart (type = given)
Radha
DisplayForm
Radha Jagannathan
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Listokin
NamePart (type = given)
David C.
DisplayForm
David C. Listokin
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Camasso
NamePart (type = given)
Michael J.
DisplayForm
Michael J. Camasso
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2013
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2013-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Sprawl is significant, low-density development taking place at the periphery wherein there exists limited infrastructure and public services. It has been the subject of much research, due to its widespread occurrence. Previous empirical studies of sprawl measurement had three significant weaknesses: 1) incomplete coverage of the geography being measured; 2) an absence of regional differences in the density variable, and 3) a lack of exclusion of undevelopable lands when calculating the density of an area. In an effort to overcome these shortcomings, this study: 1) measures sprawl for all 3091 counties in the US using economic areas (EA) to group counties; 2) uses variable densities (locally-determined cultural densities) in the sprawl calculation; and 3) calculates “refined densities” for all states and counties in the US by excluding undevelopable lands from the density calculation. Further, the research results included here are compared with those of Rolf Pendall (1999), Robert W. Burchell (2002), and Reid Ewing (2003b), in order to ascertain the impact of their more comprehensive measurement methods on sprawl measurement results. Based upon accurate variable densities, one of six county land use types (urban center, urban, suburban, rural center, rural, undeveloped) is assigned to each US county; a sprawl/non-sprawl is then determined for each county. As a result, out of all 3091 US counties, 492 experience sprawl development during the 2000 to 2020 time period. Over 80 percent (or 396 counties) of these 492 sprawling counties are rural or undeveloped counties; the remaining one-fifth are developing suburban and rural center counties. With no exception, the “refined density” of an individual state is greater than its “gross density.” About 65 percent (or 32) of US states have “refined densities” that are at least 1.2 times their original gross densities. Several conclusions can be drawn using the comparative analyses included here. First, sprawl research must focus on the nation as a whole, or on select component regions. Second, variable density is crucial to the accurate calculation urban versus rural counties nationally. Third, developable land must be employed when calculating variable density (i.e. undevelopable lands must be excluded from the density calculation).
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Planning and Public Policy
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_4609
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xiii, 250 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Yue Wu
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Cities and towns--Growth
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Suburbs--United States
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Land use--Planning
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Land use--United States
Identifier (type = hdl)
http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.1/rucore10001600001.ETD.000069027
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3VQ3187
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Wu
GivenName
Yue
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2013-04-09 14:23:26
AssociatedEntity
Name
Yue Wu
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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