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Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar

Descriptive

Abstract (type = abstract)
This work develops a conception of grammar in which optimality with respect to a set of constraints defines well-formedness. The argument begins with a brief assessment of the promise of optimization-based approaches, focusing on issues of explanation from principle. The general lay-out of Optimality Theory is sketched, including the core notions of ranking & violability and the emphasis on universality in the constraint set.Part I shows how the ideas play out over a variety of phenomena and generalization patterns. The key distinction between Markedness and Faithfulness constraints is introduced. The analytical focus is on empirical phenomena ranging from epenthesis to infixation to a variety of sometimes-complex interactions between prominence, syllabification, stress, and word form. Part I concludes with a formal presentation of the theory.Part II investigates the theory of syllable structure. It begins with a study of the basic Jakobson typology and moves on to present an analysis of aspects of the Lardil phonological system which incorporates the results of the basic theory. The section concludes with a detailed exploration of a generalized theory based on multipolar scales of sonority-to-syllable-position affinity.Part III examines the derivation of universal and language particular inventories, provides discussion of foundational issues, and concludes with analysis of the relation between Optimality Theory and theories using a notion of repair.
TypeOfResource
Text
Identifier (type = ROA)
537
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T34M92MV
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
262 p.
Name (type = personal)
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
NamePart (type = family)
Prince
NamePart (type = given)
Alan S.
Affiliation
Linguistics, Rutgers University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Smolensky
NamePart (type = given)
Paul
Affiliation
The Johns Hopkins University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Linguistics
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Arts and Sciences (SAS) (New Brunswick)
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2002-08
TitleInfo
Title
Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Phonology
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Formal Analysis
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Optimality
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Markedness (Linguistics)
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Faithfulness
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Ranking
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Violable
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Universal
Note (type = version identification)
Essentially identical to the Tech Report (July 1993), with new pagination (but the samefootnote and example numbering); correction of typos, oversights & outright errors; improved typography; and occasional small-scale clarificatory rewordings. Citation should include reference to this version.
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Unidentified Version
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers Optimality Archive
Identifier (type = local)
rucore00000002165
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Prince, Alan
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30151100001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
FamilyName
Prince
GivenName
Alan
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Smolensky
GivenName
Paul
Role
Copyright holder
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
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