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Citizen expertise and advocacy in creation of New Jersey's 1987 Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act

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TitleInfo
Title
Citizen expertise and advocacy in creation of New Jersey's 1987 Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fenyk
NamePart (type = given)
Heather Mary
NamePart (type = date)
1970-
DisplayForm
Heather Fenyk
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
O'Neill
NamePart (type = given)
Karen M
DisplayForm
Karen M O'Neill
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Andrews
NamePart (type = given)
Clinton J.
DisplayForm
Clinton J. Andrews
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Chess
NamePart (type = given)
Caron
DisplayForm
Caron Chess
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Guston
NamePart (type = given)
David H.
DisplayForm
David H. Guston
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-01
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
In this research I explore the influence of citizen expertise on environmental regulatory policy surrounding New Jersey’s freshwater wetlands. I intend to improve understandings of pluralism and accountability in social science models of science advising, which have paid little attention to the ways citizens contribute scientific knowledge to policy making. I look at citizen expertise in the context of an important chapter in U.S. environmental history culminating in New Jersey’s Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act (FWPA) on July 1, 1987. This Act made New Jersey the first state to completely assume administration of the portion of the federal Clean Water Act that protects wetlands and gave it the nation’s strongest measures to protect these environmentally valuable lands. Inquiry is situated in the joint perspectives of Science and Technology Studies (STS) and Social Movement Studies and incorporates constructivist-interpretivist research techniques. A state-wide environmental advocacy movement called the Freshwater Wetlands Campaign (FWC) responded to what it perceived as inadequate and fragmented state and federal attempts to protect freshwater wetlands by developing the technical and political competence to champion wetlands protection. The FWC worked at a time when standards of knowledge production for freshwater wetlands science had yet to be established and when no methodological approach was privileged. The concept of co-production is used to explain how the FWC helped to define what would constitute scientific competence in three scientifically and technically complex disputes: the definition of a freshwater wetland such that it would be protected; the delineation of a protective freshwater wetland buffer; and the creation of artificial freshwater wetlands as sufficient action to permit destruction of natural freshwater wetlands. Closure around these disputes is conceived as resulting in creation of three new regulatory “artifacts” in New Jersey: freshwater wetlands, freshwater wetland buffers, and mitigated freshwater wetlands. I show that without the FWC’s role in developing science and these artifacts, New Jersey’s FWPA would either not exist or would have followed a different path. From this I suggest that we can improve the co-production framework with a new theory for STS that includes a “bottom up” model of social movements.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Planning and Public Policy
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5313
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
viii, 331 p.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Heather Mary Fenyk
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Environmental policy--New Jersey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Regional planning--New Jersey
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T35Q4T61
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Fenyk
GivenName
Heather
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-01-09 16:20:00
AssociatedEntity
Name
Heather Fenyk
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-01-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2016-01-31
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after January 31st, 2016.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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