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Prenatal tobacco exposure predicts differential brain function during working memory in early adolescence: A preliminary investigation

Descriptive

TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Prenatal tobacco exposure predicts differential brain function during working memory in early adolescence: A preliminary investigation
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = inferred)
2013
Abstract
Children prenatally exposed to tobacco exhibit higher rates of learning and emotional-behavioral problems related to worse working memory performance. Brain function, however, among tobacco exposed children while performing a working memory task has not previously been examined. This study compared the brain function of tobacco-exposed (n = 7) and unexposed (n = 11) 12-year-olds during a number N-back working memory task using an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) design. Prenatal alcohol exposure, neonatal medical problems, environmental risk, and sex were statistically controlled. Tobacco-exposed children showed greater activation in inferior parietal regions, whereas unexposed children showed greater activation in inferior frontal regions. These differences were observed in the context of correct responses, suggesting that exposed and unexposed children use different brain regions and approaches to succeed in working memory tasks. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
26 p.
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Prenatal tobacco exposure
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Working memory
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Short-term memory
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
fMRI
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Magnetic resonance imaging
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Brain--Imaging
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
AssociatedObject
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Name
Brain Imaging and Behavior
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
7(1)
Reference (type = digital)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-012-9192-1
Detail
49-59
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2013
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
National Institute on Drug Abuse
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
Michael Lewis
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
David S. Bennett
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
Dennis P. Carmody
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
DA07109
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
Pennsylvania Department of Health
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
David S. Bennett
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
4100011451
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Bennett
NamePart (type = given)
David S.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
College of Medicine, Drexel University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Mohamed
NamePart (type = given)
Feroze B.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
School of Medicine, Temple University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Carmody
NamePart (type = given)
Dennis P.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
School of Nursing (Newark and New Brunswick), Rutgers University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Malik
NamePart (type = given)
Muhammed
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
School of Medicine, Temple University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Faro
NamePart (type = given)
Scott H.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
School of Medicine, Temple University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lewis
NamePart (type = given)
Michael
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
Pediatrics-Institute for the Study of Child Development (ISCD), Rutgers University
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Pediatrics-Institute for the Study of Child Development (ISCD)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (RWJMS)
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Nursing (Newark and New Brunswick)
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Carmody, Dennis
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30145500001
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Lewis, Michael
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30153900001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3NG4NSH
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Accepted Manuscript
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Rights

RightsHolder (type = corporate)
Name
Springer
Role
Copyright holder
RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers.Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work.I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others.I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work.By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Manuscript
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