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Legitimacy, procedural justice, and police-citizen encounters

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TitleInfo
Title
Legitimacy, procedural justice, and police-citizen encounters
SubTitle
a randomized controlled trial of the impact of procedural justice on citizen perceptions of the police during traffic stops in Turkey
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sahin
NamePart (type = given)
Nusret M.
NamePart (type = date)
1980-
DisplayForm
Nusret Sahin
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Braga
NamePart (type = given)
Anthony A
DisplayForm
Anthony A Braga
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Apel
NamePart (type = given)
Robert J
DisplayForm
Robert J Apel
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Brunson
NamePart (type = given)
Rod K
DisplayForm
Rod K Brunson
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Moskos
NamePart (type = given)
Peter
DisplayForm
Peter Moskos
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Police citizen encounters constitute the most basic aspect of policing, and the nature of these contacts has a subsequent influence on the perceptions of police legitimacy. The relevant literature on police legitimacy and procedural justice suggests that when police actions during police citizen interactions are perceived as procedurally just, citizens view the police as legitimate and more likely to consent to their decisions (Sunshine & Tyler, 2003; Tyler & Fagan, 2008). Therefore, procedurally just policing could help police departments to foster voluntary deference, and that may impact citizen satisfaction at the same time. There is increasing scholarly interest in the topic of appropriate police conduct, procedural justice, legitimacy and police-citizen encounters. However, until very recently, there have been limited numbers of well-designed empirical research studies on these topics. From this perspective, this dissertation attempted to assess whether incorporating procedural justice principles into Turkish National Police stops would affect citizens’ views of the police, and a rigorous randomized controlled trial was conducted in Turkey for this purpose. A total of 702 drivers who were stopped by the Adana Police Department for speeding violations were randomly assigned to either the control or the treatment group. Subjects in the experimental group received the procedural justice policing intervention during these traffic stops, while subjects in the control group experienced business-as-usual traffic stops. The results of this study suggest that the perceptions of police in relation to the traffic stop encounters were influenced by the way in which police interacted with the citizens. Drivers who experienced the procedurally just traffic encounters reported improved perceptions of the police in relation to the encounters than citizens who experience routine traffic enforcement procedures. Furthermore, the drivers who took part in the experimental condition reported higher levels of satisfaction with their police treatment. However, the results indicated that a single procedurally just encounter does not have a striking impact on driver’s general views of the police. The findings of this research could be used to improve the interaction between police and citizens in Turkey. Additionally, the study may also generate new ideas for practitioners on how to behave towards drivers during traffic stops.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Criminal Justice
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5337
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
ix, 213 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Nusret M. Sahin
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Police-community relations--Turkey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Police misconduct--Turkey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Traffic violations--Turkey
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3CZ35F6
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Sahin
GivenName
Nusret
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-02-26 06:04:24
AssociatedEntity
Name
Nusret Sahin
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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