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Biological and chemical treatment of mono-, polycyclic, chloro, and nitro-aromatic mixtures in sediment and soil

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TitleInfo
Title
Biological and chemical treatment of mono-, polycyclic, chloro, and nitro-aromatic mixtures in sediment and soil
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sheehan
NamePart (type = given)
Pamela L.
NamePart (type = date)
1956-
DisplayForm
Pamela Sheehan
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kukor
NamePart (type = given)
Jerome J
DisplayForm
Jerome J Kukor
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Strom
NamePart (type = given)
Peter
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Peter Strom
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Young
NamePart (type = given)
Lily
DisplayForm
Lily Young
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Zylstra
NamePart (type = given)
Gerben
DisplayForm
Gerben Zylstra
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Bennett
NamePart (type = given)
Joan
DisplayForm
Joan Bennett
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Hazardous waste composting is a demonstrated technology for many types of organic contaminants. However, treatment outcome is often uncertain for hydrophobic compounds and treatability studies are needed to predict performance. A composting pilot study was conducted to determine the treatability of substituted aromatic hydrocarbons in two 15 m3 samples of tar-like dye manufacturing waste sludge. Performance over a 49-day period was characterized for mixtures of 17 aromatic compounds using first-order kinetics. Half-life was generally lower (8- 18 days) for chlorobenzene, xylenes, nitrobenzene, aniline, toluene, and ethylbenzene when initially present at relatively high mass (above 10%). Nitrobenzene did not degrade in material with a carbon to nitrogen ratio of 18:1 but did degrade in material with a ratio of 98:1. Although 50% to 75% of the contaminant mass was degraded, benzene, nitrobenzene, Nnitrodiphenylamine, naphthalene, and benzo(a)anthracene concentrations were above regulatory standards in finished compost. A fugacity analysis showed that compounds partitioned significantly (ρ<0.05) to the organic fraction and non-aqueous phase liquid of the composting material. Application of Fenton reaction to improve treatment was more effective after bulking. No significant (ρ<0.05) differences between biotreatment alone and biotreatment with pre and post Fenton oxidation were observed. Alkaline hydrolysis using 5% w/w CaMg(OH)4 removed nearly all of 25,000 mg/kg tetryl in soil. Picric acid and N-methylpicramide were tentatively identified as treatment products. Biotransformation of the nitroaromatic compound RDX was determined by comparing kinetic meta-data obtained from 42 studies. Degradation rates were statistically faster for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria than for fungi. Results of this study show that biodegradability, bioavailability, and kinetics are critical elements of a treatability analysis and can identify the need for additional treatment processes. Processes can be integrated into biotreatment using cost effective reagents that enhance compound removal. Additional research is needed to define the chemical, biological, and physical interface of the integrated system to improve process outcome.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Sciences
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Bioremediation
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Hazardous wastes--Biodegradation
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Identifier
ETD_5517
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T34J0CDS
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
xiv, 155 p. : ill.
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Pamela L. Sheehan
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Sheehan
GivenName
Pamela
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-04-15 10:51:25
AssociatedEntity
Name
Pamela Sheehan
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
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ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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