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Surgery in Language Learning

Descriptive

Abstract (type = abstract)
A key problem in the learning of phonologies is contending with the interdependence of the mapping and the lexicon. This paper presents an learning algorithm combining an existing procedure for learning restrictive mappings (Biased Constraint Demotion) with inconsistency detection, and illustrates the algorithm using a system of both predictable and lexical stress grammars. The heart of the algorithm's strategy is to respond to the failure of a hypothesis by attempting to modify the mapping first, and only considering modifying the lexicon when altering the mapping proves inadequate. The construction of the mapping via Biased Constraint Demotion involves the accumulation of ranking arguments (winner/loser pairs) which make reference to hypothesized lexical entries. This creates a potential problem when the learner considers altering the lexical entries referred to by the ranking arguments. The proposed algorithm deals with this by altering the list of ranking arguments whenever the lexicon is changed, via a process termed "surgery", so that they accurately reflect the updated lexicon. This process allows the learner to more quickly determine if a proposed change to the lexicon will actually resolve the failure of the preceding hypothesis. Computer simulation results are provided to demonstrate the algorithm's efficiency.
TypeOfResource
Text
Identifier (type = ROA)
619
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3Z036GP
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
14 p.
Name (type = personal)
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
NamePart (type = family)
Tesar
NamePart (type = given)
Bruce
Affiliation
Linguistics, Rutgers University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Alderete
NamePart (type = given)
John
Affiliation
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Horwood
NamePart (type = given)
Graham
Affiliation
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Merchant
NamePart (type = given)
Nazarré
Affiliation
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Nishitani
NamePart (type = given)
Koichi
Affiliation
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Prince
NamePart (type = given)
Alan S.
Affiliation
Linguistics, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Linguistics
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Arts and Sciences (SAS) (New Brunswick)
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2003
Place
PlaceTerm
Somerville, MA
Publisher
Cascadilla Press
TitleInfo
Title
Surgery in Language Learning
Note (type = version identification)
The definitive version of this paper was published in WCCFL 22: Proceedings of the 22nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (2003) and is available at http://www.cascadilla.com/wccfl22.html
Note (type = citation/reference)
Tesar, B., Alderete, J., Horwood, Mechant, N., Nishitani, K., & Prince, A. (2003). Surgery in Language Learning. In G. Garding and M.Tsujimura (Eds.), WCCFL 22: Proceedings of the 22nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 477-490). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Conference Paper or Lecture
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Unidentified Version
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Learnability
Subject (authority = optimality_area)
Topic
Phonology
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Stress
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Accents and accentuation
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
BCS-0083101
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
National Science Foundation
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
Detail
NIH NRSA Training Grant No. 1-T32-MH-19975-05
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
National Institutes of Health
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
1-T32-MH-19975-05
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers Optimality Archive
Identifier (type = local)
rucore00000002165
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Prince, Alan
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30151100001
Location
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NjNbRU
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Tesar, Bruce
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30163600001
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Preprint
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Tesar
GivenName
Bruce
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Role
Copyright holder
Name
FamilyName
Alderete
GivenName
John
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Horwood
GivenName
Graham
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Merchant
GivenName
Nazarré
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Nishitani
GivenName
Koichi
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Prince
GivenName
Alan
Role
Copyright holder
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
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