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Factors Associated with Pesticide Risk Behaviors among Rice Farmers in Rural Community, Thailand

Descriptive

Abstract (type = abstract)
Pesticide use in Thailand has increased significant, raising concerns about potentially adverse effects on human health and environment, in particular, as a number of pesticide products have been heavily used on chilli farms. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices on using personal protective equipment (PPE) of chilli-growing farmers to protect themselves from pesticides, (2) to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with pesticide use and exposure in the chilli-growing farmers, and (3) to provide recommendations and guidelines to reduce the exposure to pesticides among farmers in Huarua Sub-District, Mueang District, Ubonrachathani Province, Thailand. A standardized questionnaire was completed through face to face interviews with 330 chill-growing farmers. The results showed that 53% of the participants were male and 39.6% and ages ranging between 31-40 years. 71.2 % had received primary school education and most of them applied pesticides by themselves. Almost 89.4% of respondents acknowledged that they ought to wear mask, boots, and cloth while spraying. Furthermore, 83.3% knew that pesticides can pass through their body in 3 ways; ingestion, dermal contact, and inhalation. In addition, 45.5% of respondents knew that spraying should be done in the windward direction and that they should use PPE. Many of the respondents checked their equipment before using them and wore clothing while spraymg. Nevertheless, 77.2 % of chilli-growing farmers had low level of knowledge, 54.5 % of the farmers were not concerned about pesticide use or exposure, and 85.0 % of farmers demonstrated a fair level of actual usage. The associations between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice, and attitude and practice demonstrated statistical significance with low positive correlation (0.2 16, 0.285, and 0.305 respectively,). The results suggested that government authorities and communities should be provided with the appropriate recommendations, strategies and guidelines to prevent adverse health effects regarding to pesticide exposure of farmers in this area.
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2012
Publisher
International Institute for Science, Technology and Education
TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
Factors Associated with Pesticide Risk Behaviors among Rice Farmers in Rural Community, Thailand
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Version of Record (VoR)
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
9 p.
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2012
AssociatedObject
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Name
Journal of Environmental and Earth Science
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
2(2)
Reference (type = digital)
http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JEES/article/view/1518
Detail
32-39
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Grant award
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
Thai Fogarty ITREOH Center
AssociatedEntity
Role
Funder
Name
National Institutes of Health
AssociatedEntity
Role
Originator
Name
Mark G. Robson
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
D43TW007849 NIH FIC
AssociatedObject
Type
Grant number
Name
NIEHS P30ES005022
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Raksanam
NamePart (type = given)
Buppha
Affiliation
Sirindhorm College of Public Health
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Taneepanichskul
NamePart (type = given)
Surasak
Affiliation
Chulalongkorn University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Siriwong
NamePart (type = given)
Wattasit
Affiliation
Chulalongkorn University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Robson
NamePart (type = given)
Mark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
Entomology, Rutgers University
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Entomology
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Rice farmers
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Pesticide exposure
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Risk behaviors
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Risk-taking (Psychology)
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Rural community
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Robson Mark Collection
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30106000001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T30Z71NB
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
Journal Article
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Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Raksanam
GivenName
Buppha
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Taneepanichskul
GivenName
Surasak
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Siriwong
GivenName
Wattasit
Role
Copyright holder
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Robson
GivenName
Mark G.
Role
Copyright holder
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
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