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Student aspirations as a function of perceived school climate

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TitleInfo
Title
Student aspirations as a function of perceived school climate
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jofen
NamePart (type = given)
Tzivia
NamePart (type = date)
1980-
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Tzivia Jofen
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author
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Elias
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Maurice
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Maurice Elias
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Advisory Committee
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chair
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Cherniss
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Cary
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Cary Cherniss
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Advisory Committee
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
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Forman
NamePart (type = given)
Susan
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Susan Forman
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Advisory Committee
Role
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internal member
Name (type = corporate)
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Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
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NamePart
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
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school
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Text
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theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
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2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Research strongly points to the importance of adolescents’ aspirations to their future occupational and educational attainment. As such, factors that influence the development and maintenance of high aspirations become important to identify. This is especially true regarding low income and minority students, who are most at risk for school failure, as reflected in the achievement gap reported in US schools. Given the importance of the ecological context to student development, and the formative role the school setting plays in adolescent life, the relationship of perceived school climate to student aspirations was examined. This study uses a sample comprised of 8,866 students from eight New Jersey public schools which had participated in the Developing Safe and Civil Schools school climate project, and which reflect a range of SES settings and proportion of minority students. The study examined different average levels of aspirations by SES and ethnic group, as well as differential impact of climate on aspirations. Results of a hierarchical linear regression indicate that school climate is important to the aspirations of all students, and that the strength of this relationship varies by the presence or absence of risk factors. School climate is most important to the aspirations of students with one risk factor (either minority or low SES). It is less strongly, though still significantly, related to the aspirations of students with two risk factors (minority and low SES), and then less strongly, though still significantly, related to the aspirations of students with no risk factors to school success. Also, while analysis of average levels of aspirations by group indicates that low SES and minority students tend to have lower aspirations, once other factors, including perception of school climate, were accounted for, these differences largely disappeared. Given the important results of this study, interventions aimed at helping all students, but especially those at risk of school failure, develop and maintain high aspirations through the school climate should become a regular part of educational planning in order to most successfully facilitate long term, meaningful, student success, especially for students at risk for school failure. Additional research examining the relationships between risk factors, school climate, and student aspirations would be vital for furthering knowledge and directing meaningful interventions.
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TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
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TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001800001
Identifier
ETD_5938
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3VX0F0J
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (ix, 46 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Psy.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Tzivia Jofen
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
School Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Low income students--United States
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Educational attainment--United States
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Student aspirations
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

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The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Jofen
GivenName
Tzivia
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-09-29 09:58:30
AssociatedEntity
Name
Tzivia Jofen
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
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License
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Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

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ETD
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windows xp
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