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Judgments of prosocial behavior

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Judgments of prosocial behavior
SubTitle
effects of identification and situational constraint
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Chazin
NamePart (type = given)
Daniel
NamePart (type = date)
1980-
DisplayForm
Daniel Chazin
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Woolfolk
NamePart (type = given)
Robert
DisplayForm
Robert Woolfolk
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Karlin
NamePart (type = given)
Robert
DisplayForm
Robert Karlin
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Elias
NamePart (type = given)
Maurice
DisplayForm
Maurice Elias
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Allen
NamePart (type = given)
Lesley
DisplayForm
Lesley Allen
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf)
2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Recent years have witnessed renewed, multidisciplinary interest in the study of moral judgments and processes through which people determine responsibility for actions. Nevertheless, the psychological determinants and underpinnings of moral responsibility attribution remain largely unclear. The present study aimed to replicate and extend research on the role of “identification” (Woolfolk, Doris, & Darley, 2006), the degree to which an actor embraces and desires to perform an action, by examining responsibility attributions for morally positive (prosocial) behavior. The actor’s level of identification was systematically varied along with situational constraint (the degree to which the action was coerced and compelled by external circumstances) in scenarios presented to participants (n = 204), which described a father’s donating a kidney to his daughter. Identification had a sizable impact on attributions of responsibility and credit and moderated the effects of constraint. When the actor was identified with the action, the level of responsibility and credit ascribed to him for the good deed was consistently high and unaffected by increases in constraint, even when external forces impelling the action were so powerful that he had no other choice but to engage in the action. When the actor was not identified, he received much credit when he performed the act under minimal levels of external pressure, but was judged to be progressively less responsible for the good deed as the constraints impelling him to act increased. Similar effects but in the opposite direction emerged for credit ascribed to an external agent who coerced the actor to perform the act. Results suggest that perceptions regarding an actor’s desires and intentions play a central role in responsibility ascription for morally positive as well as negative acts, even acts that are caused by circumstances outside of the actor’s control, and can moderate or eclipse the attributional effects of an actor’s control over events. Results also add to the small body of research suggesting distinctions in judgments of prosocial versus antisocial behaviors. Results are interpreted in light of psychological theories of responsibility attribution and moral cognition and implications for philosophical debates about the compatibility of responsibility and determinism are considered.
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Judgment (Ethics)
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Altruism
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Responsibility
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5812
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 58 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Daniel Chazin
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3XD104S
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Chazin
GivenName
Daniel
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-09-05 11:54:41
AssociatedEntity
Name
Daniel Chazin
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-10-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2016-10-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 30th, 2016.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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