Staff View
Relating diet and morphology of the head, mandibles and proventriculus in adult carabid beetles

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Relating diet and morphology of the head, mandibles and proventriculus in adult carabid beetles
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ingerson-Mahar
NamePart (type = given)
Joseph Michael
DisplayForm
Joseph Michael Ingerson-Mahar
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Lashomb
NamePart (type = given)
James
DisplayForm
James Lashomb
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hamilton
NamePart (type = given)
George
DisplayForm
George Hamilton
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
May
NamePart (type = given)
Michael
DisplayForm
Michael May
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kjer
NamePart (type = given)
Karl
DisplayForm
Karl Kjer
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Majek
NamePart (type = given)
Bradley
DisplayForm
Bradley Majek
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf)
2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
The Carabidae is a large family of beetles with 33,920 valid species world-wide. While the specific diets of many of these species are known, especially among the Carabinae, the feeding preferences of the majority of species are unknown. Attempts to determine the food preferences have been made relying upon morphological characters of the head and mouthparts but not in a quantitative manner. A literature review of morphological characters of the Carabidae in 2002 showed that no consistent morphological character would predict the feeding preferences of all species. In this study, twenty morphological measurements and character conditions from the adults of fourteen species of carabids representing five subfamilies and ten tribes were evaluated to determine whether there is a correlation between the morphology of the mandibles and proventriculus, the gut contents and field observations. Using cluster analysis the measurement means and the presence or absence of structures of all twenty characteristics were evaluated. Five characters were found to provide the most information and provided logical groupings. However, it was apparent that predicting specific food preferences was not possible. Instead the analysis indicated the type of feeding, that is, fluid feeding with extra-oral digestion, particulate feeding or mixed feeding incorporating both fluid feeding, and particulate feeding. Fluid and mixed feeding species (Cicindela punctulata Oliver and Calosoma calidum F., Paraclivina bipustulata (F.)) were predaceous while particulate feeders (primarily carnivorous: Omophron labiatum F., Bembidion quadrimaculatum L., Poecilus chalcites (Say), Stenocrepis duodecimstriata Chevrolet, Lebia grandis Hentz, and Calathus gregarius Say; primarily herbivorous: Harpalus caliginosus F., Geopinus incrassatus Dej., Stenolophus lineola F., Zabrus tenebroides Goeze, and Anisodactylus laetus Dej.) could be both predaceous and herbivorous to varying degrees. Lack of field observations or conflicting evidence of other workers makes some of the designations questionable. Convergent evolution seemed a likely mechanism in unrelated groups in the development of the proventriculus. Harpalus caliginosus demonstrated that although the members of the genus Harpalus are widely regarded to be seed eaters, H. caliginosus is at least a scavenger, if not predator, despite having mandibles appropriate for eating seeds.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Entomology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Ground beetles--Behavior
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Insects--Feeding and feed
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Insects--Morphology
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5806
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xiv, 91 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Joseph Michael Ingerson-Mahar
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3PG1Q6W
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Ingerson-Mahar
GivenName
Joseph
MiddleName
Michael
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-09-01 15:58:23
AssociatedEntity
Name
Joseph Ingerson-Mahar
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
Back to the top
Version 8.3.13
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2021