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Aqueous OH photooxidation of atmospherically-relevant precursor-systems through laboratory experiments

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TitleInfo
Title
Aqueous OH photooxidation of atmospherically-relevant precursor-systems through laboratory experiments
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kirkland
NamePart (type = given)
Jeffrey R.
NamePart (type = date)
1985-
DisplayForm
Jeffrey Kirkland
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Turpin
NamePart (type = given)
Barbara J
DisplayForm
Barbara J Turpin
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Carlton
NamePart (type = given)
Annmarie G
DisplayForm
Annmarie G Carlton
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Reinfelder
NamePart (type = given)
John
DisplayForm
John Reinfelder
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Collett
NamePart (type = given)
Jeffrey
DisplayForm
Jeffrey Collett
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf)
2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Chemistry in atmospheric waters (e.g., clouds, fogs, wet aerosols) is a critical component of our complex atmospheric system which affects global environmental health (e.g., climate, air quality). Laboratory, field, and modeling studies have shown that chemistry in atmospheric waters can alter gas-phase budgets of atmospheric oxidants (e.g., HO2) and change the mass and properties of organic aerosols. However, nearly half of organic matter dissolved in atmospheric waters remains uncharacterized and its chemistry unexplored. The result is error within predictive atmospheric models used to inform policymakers and mitigate harmful gas and particle exposures. To improve model predictions and implement appropriate policies, we must identify and include more detailed chemistry taking place in the atmosphere, specifically in atmospheric waters. This dissertation is focused on characterizing changes in dissolved organic matter during aqueous-phase chemical reactions (i.e., aqueous processing) and has implications for SOA contributions and atmospheric burdens of gas-phase species. First, the effects of ammonium and nitrate on dilute glyoxal plus hydroxyl radical (OH) chemistry in clouds are explored and support for radical-radical oligomer formation (e.g., tartarate) in wet aerosols is provided. Next, aqueous photooxidation of ambient water-soluble gases collected in the Po Valley, Italy is explored and amines are identified as potentially important participants in aqueous processing. These experiments also demonstrate formation of particle components (i.e., pyruvate, oxalate) explicitly from aqueous processing of ambient mixtures of water-soluble gases. Finally, aqueous processing of authentic fog waters from Fresno, California and the Po Valley, Italy is explored. Pyruvate and oxalate formation is again observed and precursors to aqueous processing are identified and compared to dissolved organic matter detected by others in fog and rainwater. This dissertation identifies potentially important precursors and products of aqueous processing; this contributes to an improved understanding of chemistry in atmospheric waters and the related environmental health effects. Precursors identified in this work are likely candidates for future laboratory experiments designed to elicit detailed aqueous chemistry for inclusion in predictive models.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Sciences
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Aerosols--Environmental aspects
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Atmospheric chemistry
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5828
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xv, 212 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Jeffrey R. Kirkland
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3W094DM
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Kirkland
GivenName
Jeffrey
MiddleName
R.
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = start); (qualifier = exact)
2014-09-10 18:11:02
AssociatedEntity
Name
Jeffrey Kirkland
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = start); (qualifier = exact)
2017-11-30
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (point = end); (qualifier = exact)
2018-11-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after November 30th, 2018.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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