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Condom use self-efficacy in the pregnant adolescent population

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TitleInfo
Title
Condom use self-efficacy in the pregnant adolescent population
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Simpson
NamePart (type = given)
Rachael
NamePart (type = date)
1977-
DisplayForm
Rachael Simpson
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Beckmann
NamePart (type = given)
Claudia
DisplayForm
Claudia Beckmann
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Ayres
NamePart (type = given)
Cynthia
DisplayForm
Cynthia Ayres
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Willard
NamePart (type = given)
Suzanne
DisplayForm
Suzanne Willard
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jallo
NamePart (type = given)
Nancy
DisplayForm
Nancy Jallo
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2014
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2014-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf)
2014
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
The purpose of this study was to examine condom use self-efficacy, the ability to execute safer sexual behavior, in the pregnant adolescent population. In order to determine what may drive condom use self-efficacy the relationships between a participants prior related behavior in condom use, perceived barriers to condom use, perceived self-efficacy in condom use and how they impact commitment to use condoms were explored in order to gain an understanding of what drives condom use self-efficacy in this population. Since many studies related to risky sexual behavior have already been performed on the non-pregnant adolescent population it is important to compare the study results from both the non-pregnant and pregnant adolescent populations. This knowledge could lead to an understanding of any differences in these two populations; and if so how these differences may drive change in interventions in the future for pregnant adolescents that would decrease their risky sexual behavior. The relationships described above were hypothesized and measured based on the Health Promotion Model (HPM), a Nursing model, which posits that these relationships could collectively influence health behavior, which in this study would ultimately be condom use. A mediation model was also tested to explore whether perceived self-efficacy in condom use mediates prior related behavior and commitment to use condoms in the pregnant adolescent population. A descriptive correlational design was used to examine the other hypothesized relationships. This included testing of the commitment to use condoms and how the determinants of prior related behavior with condom use, perceived self-efficacy in condom use, and perceived barriers of action to condom use affected that commitment. A convenience sample of 40 pregnant adolescents of whom were 20 weeks or greater in their pregnancy and were between the ages of 18 and 24 years old were recruited. The PI developed a demographic survey and this survey along with the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES) was administered to these participants to collect the data for this exploratory study. Study results indicated that, in opposition to previous studies performed on non-pregnant adolescents, in the pregnant adolescent population there were no significant relationships between; 1) Commitment to use condoms and prior related behavior with condom use; 2) Perceived self-efficacy in condom use; and 3) Perceived barriers of action to condom use. Another important concept found was that contrary to the non-pregnant adolescent population, the pregnant adolescent population rated themselves very highly in condom use self-efficacy but did not use condoms nor plan to use condoms in the future. Given the STD rates were found to be very high in pregnant adolescents, putting both the mother and fetus at very high risk for a multitude of complications, there are opportunities for improvement in their health care. This study provides very valuable information that indicates the potential need for development and use of alternate education that meets the specific needs of pregnant adolescents. Replication of this study in a larger group, with multiple geographic settings, possible testing of other related theoretical constructs, and additional demographic information may also provide further insight into the special needs of this vulnerable population and improve generalizeability of these study results.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Nursing
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Self-efficacy
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Condom use
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Teenage pregnancy
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_5834
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xi, 100 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Rachael Simpson
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3JW8GHK
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Simpson
GivenName
Rachael
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2014-09-11 20:46:32
AssociatedEntity
Name
Rachael Simpson
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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