DescriptionFor the last six months, I have researched Title IX and its impact on athletics within historical black colleges and universities (HBCU) specifically race. African-American women including all minorities have participated in college athletics as a direct result of Title IX. African-American women eventually graduate from college and are offered professional opportunities as either coaches or administrators. In 1972 Title IX became a federal law and banned sex discrimination in federally funded educational programs. I asked whether Title IX had a different impact on historical black colleges and universities (HBCU) vs. historical white colleges and universities (HWCU). My research suggests that the impact of Title IX on higher education is complicated. The primary focus of this paper is the institutional response to Title IX, and the institutions’ aspirations for black women leaders. I examined the institutional response at three colleges/universities: Spellman College, Howard University, and Rutgers University – New Brunswick. Through this research process, I have discovered that historical white colleges’ and universities’ response to Title IX has been to expand women’s varsity athletics but historical black colleges and universities have chosen to de-emphasize college sports and create physical educational activities. HBCU’s communities have provided learning centers, wellness programs, and career workshops to prepare their female student athletes for their future goals as leaders in society. This new revived role of physical education that has been created by HBCUs suggests that the institutions have not responded to Title IX by expanding women’s sports for gender equality but in fact HBCUs have put more emphasis on the racial uplift ideology.