Staff View
Fate of nonylphenol, nonylpenol monoethoxylate, nonylphenol diethoxylate, octylphenol and bisphenol A in sludge, biosolids, and biosolids-amended soils

Descriptive

TitleInfo
Title
Fate of nonylphenol, nonylpenol monoethoxylate, nonylphenol diethoxylate, octylphenol and bisphenol A in sludge, biosolids, and biosolids-amended soils
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Adewunmi
NamePart (type = given)
J. Adewale
DisplayForm
J. Adewale Adewunmi
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gimenez
NamePart (type = given)
Daniel
DisplayForm
Daniel Gimenez
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Strom
NamePart (type = given)
Peter F.
DisplayForm
Peter F. Strom
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
co-chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Robson
NamePart (type = given)
Mark
DisplayForm
Mark Robson
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Murphy
NamePart (type = given)
Eileen
DisplayForm
Eileen Murphy
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Nonylphenol (NP), nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), octylphenol (OP), and bisphenol A (BPA) are endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) that are present in wastewater. Studies of fate of these compounds have primarily focused on aquatic environments but EDCs are transferred from aquatic to terrestrial ecosystems through land-based sludge and biosolids applications. Biosolids are applied to land as a source of fertilizer, liming material, and soil conditioning. The main hypotheses of this work were that biosolids are important source of alkylphenolic compounds and bisphenol A in soils, and that these compounds are persistent in the soil over extended period of time. The goal of this work is to study the fate of these EDCs in sludge, biosolids and soils that have been treated with biosolids. Sludge and biosolids from 14 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) comprising of 5 sludge stabilization processes, and operating under a wide range of physical, chemical and biological parameters were studied to examine the effect of sludge stabilization on the EDCs in biosolids destined for land uses. Subsequent to that, the fate of these contaminants was examined in 21soils of contrasting management and geomorphic characteristics 10 years after biosolids amendment. Finally, the ability of environmental models to predict the concentration of EDCs from which environmental fate can be deduced was evaluated using PhATE model. The results showed that NP, the recalcitrant end product of NPEO degradation, was detected at a range of 0.73-501µg kg-1 in sludge, 0.2-564 µg kg-1 in biosolids, and 0.12-28 µg kg-1 in soil. The effect of sludge stabilization process, or treatment was statistically significant (p<0.05) for NP and BPA, nearly significant (p=0.064) for OP, but not for NP1EO and NP2EO. Composting produced the highest reduction followed by alkaline stabilization, lime stabilization, anaerobic and aerobic digestion processes. Thus, EDC load being transferred to the soil was minimized through sludge stabilization prior to the actions of soil and environmental processes that eventually determine their fate in soil. After 10 years of biosolids amendment, EDC concentrations in the amended soils were 0.01-28 µg kg-1, and 0.01-2.3 µg kg-1 in control soils. EDCs were present in higher concentrations in the topsoil (2-28 µg kg-1) than in the subsoil (0.03-7 µg kg-1), and statistically significant difference (p<0.05) exists between the two sets of concentrations. However, the APEOs might have being from both sludge and biosolids, and pesticides sources as most of the sites studied were likely managed with pesticides. The EDCs studied show soil persistence at concentrations of 0.01-28 µg kg-1 in 3 soils that were amended with biosolids only. Soil concentration was dependent on the biosolids application rate and the concentration of EDCs in the biosolids. Modeling fate of these EDCs using PhATE model indicate that these compounds are depleted in biosolids-amended soils within 4 years of such amendment.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Environmental Sciences
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Sewage
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Nonylphenol
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Soils
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6431
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xvi, 141 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by J. Adewale Adewunmi
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3BZ67V7
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
Back to the top

Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Adewunmi
GivenName
J. Adewale
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-04-16 07:18:19
AssociatedEntity
Name
J. Adewale Adewunmi
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2016-05-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after May 30th, 2016.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
Back to the top

Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
Back to the top
Version 8.5.3
Rutgers University Libraries - Copyright ©2024