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Molecules, morphology and ecology

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TitleInfo
Title
Molecules, morphology and ecology
SubTitle
an analysis of black fly taxonomy, phylogeny, and species tolerance values
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Carle
NamePart (type = given)
Diana M.
DisplayForm
Diana M. Carle
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Robson
NamePart (type = given)
Mark G
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Mark G Robson
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fonseca
NamePart (type = given)
Dina
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Dina Fonseca
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Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hamilton
NamePart (type = given)
George
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George Hamilton
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Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Adler
NamePart (type = given)
Peter
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Peter Adler
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
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outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Comparative black fly taxonomy has largely been limited in scope to comparisons within a continent, or at most by hemisphere. This gap in black fly systematics has been aided by barriers of language, geography, and specimen availability. This thesis provides a morphological comparison of 19 of the 26 known world genera of black flies, along with a new genus, Adlerella, which is described herein. This genus is also supported by molecular data. A morphology based phylogeny was generated, providing evidence for a Holarctic origin for the family Simuliidae. The somewhat aberrant genus Crozetia’s basal relationship to the other Simuliini suggests a possible black fly relict. This study includes the first combined molecular and morphological based phylogeny of the world Simuliidae genera from all of Wallace’s biogeographic regions, minus seven of the known genera. The first analysis of paralogous genes in the Simuliidae is also performed. A new alignment for the 12S and 28S nucleotide sequences is proposed based on manual secondary structural alignment. Strong branch support and congruence between molecular and morphological data confirm the subfamiliy and tribe divisions of the Simuliidae. Due to particularly strong branch support for the tribe Prosimuliini, it is raised to the subfamily Prosimuliinae, and a new combination for the subfamily Simuliinae is proposed. This thesis also includes a comprehensive analysis of simuliid species tolerance values based on chromosomal identifications. Pollution tolerance values are reported for the 39 species of black flies known in New Jersey. Species of the same genus exhibited high variation in tolerance values, questioning the accuracy of generic-level tolerance values for the Simuliidae. An index for predicting the occurrence and proliferation of the Simulium jenningsi group, which includes the major pest species of Simuliidae in the eastern United States, is proposed, with implications for control programs worldwide.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Entomology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Simuliidae--Classification
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Ecology
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6318
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vi, 171 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Diana M. Carle
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T36T0PH7
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Carle
GivenName
Diana
MiddleName
M.
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-04-12 20:23:51
AssociatedEntity
Name
Diana carle
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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ETD
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windows xp
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