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The influence of carbohydrate requirements on Asian tiger mosquito behavior and fitness

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TitleInfo
Title
The influence of carbohydrate requirements on Asian tiger mosquito behavior and fitness
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Villiard
NamePart (type = given)
Alexandra Stephanie
NamePart (type = date)
1986-
DisplayForm
Alexandra Stephanie Villiard
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Gaugler
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Randy
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Randy Gaugler
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Advisory Committee
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RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fonseca
NamePart (type = given)
Dina
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Dina Fonseca
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Advisory Committee
Role
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internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hamilton
NamePart (type = given)
George
DisplayForm
George Hamilton
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Fefferman
NamePart (type = given)
Nina H
DisplayForm
Nina H Fefferman
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Successful and sustainable mosquito control is not possible without knowledge of the species’ biology. We must understand the factors affecting mosquito fitness before we can hope to reduce it. Sugar-feeding behavior was once neglected in the literature, but has now emerged as a significant influence on mosquito fitness. I chose to investigate multiple aspects of sugar-feeding behavior in the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus. This mosquito is of increasing concern due to its aggressive invasive nature and vector status. In Chapter 1, I examine the effect of diapause cues on female dietary choices. Diapause cues affected female food choice, particularly the initial choice. Long-day females were three times more likely to choose blood at their first feeding opportunity. The frequency of sugar meals was also altered by treatment with short-day females exhibiting a 33% increase. These findings may be beneficial to mosquito control efforts, particularly those based upon sugar attractants. In Chapter 2, I investigate the importance of sugar availability for adult male mating success. Males provisioned with sugar for long periods after eclosion experience greater longevity, greater sperm transfer, and mated with more females over their lifetime. Therefore, I suggest that sterile male release initiatives might consider provisioning adult males for multiple days before release. In Chapter 3, I explore the effect of the adult male diet on their offspring. While there was no change in the fecundity of the male parent, there was a significant change in offspring development time and size. In both sexes pupation time and eclosion time were significantly longer in offspring of starved males. Unexpectedly, female offspring of starved males had longer wing lengths than those fathered by males with access to sucrose. I developed a mathematical model to examine whether the paternal effect I observed might increase offspring fitness under certain conditions. The model demonstrated that offspring benefit from paternal signals when they experience poor sugar resources as adults. This highlights the existence of environmentally mediated paternal effects in mosquitoes, and more broadly in insects, suggesting that male environment needs to be taken into account when control measures seek to alter environmental conditions.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Entomology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Mosquitoes--Control
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Aedes albopictus
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
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ETD
Identifier
ETD_6322
PhysicalDescription
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electronic resource
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application/pdf
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text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 106 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Alexandra Stephanie Villiard
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
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NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3C53NQN
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Villiard
GivenName
Alexandra
MiddleName
Stephanie
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-04-12 21:42:27
AssociatedEntity
Name
Alexandra Villiard
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-05-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2015-11-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after November 30th, 2015.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
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ETD
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windows xp
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