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The effect of Compstat on interjurisdictional public budgeting

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TitleInfo
Title
The effect of Compstat on interjurisdictional public budgeting
SubTitle
a retrospective comparative analysis of crime-rate spillover on neighboring New Jersey and New York municipalities
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Adamitis
NamePart (type = given)
Lawrence R.
NamePart (type = date)
1968-
DisplayForm
Lawrence R. Adamitis
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Holzer
NamePart (type = given)
Marc
DisplayForm
Marc Holzer
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Hall
NamePart (type = given)
Jeremy
DisplayForm
Jeremy Hall
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Shon
NamePart (type = given)
Jongmin
DisplayForm
Jongmin Shon
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Melitski
NamePart (type = given)
James
DisplayForm
James Melitski
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Public budgeting is a core issue within the public administration field. Public administrators have to make difficult budgeting choices with limited public resources. How public funds are allocated is a central focus of both elected and appointed public administrators regardless of the size or make-up of a municipality. Municipalities struggle to meet the demands of their constituents and provide necessary services within a framework of limited resources and political pressure. Law enforcement is one aspect of public budgets that is both necessary and expensive. Programs that increase the efficiency and effectiveness of law enforcement services are important factors within given budgetary constraints. Compstat is one such program that was developed and implemented by the New York City Police Department in 1994. This study uses crime rates, public budgets, demographic variables and public grants to examine whether the success that Compstat had in reducing crime rates in New York City caused spillover effects onto neighboring New Jersey and New York comparison cities. The primary focus being the budgetary effects on the comparison cities from 1991 (pre-Compstat) to 1997 (post-Compstat). This study is a comparative analysis of: budget data, Uniformed Crime Reporting (UCR) crime-rate statistics, demographic statistics from United States Census and Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) grant funding. New York City was compared to four cities in ii Westchester County, New York (Mount Vernon, New Rochelle, White Plains and Yonkers) and four cities in New Jersey (Elizabeth, Hoboken, Jersey City and Newark). The comparative analysis revealed that while the New York comparison cities experienced crime rate declines from 1991 to 1997, they did not experience unusual budget increases. The New Jersey comparison cities crime rates fell but remained higher than the New York comparison cities and New York City. The main finding was that the New Jersey comparison cities experienced substantial upticks in their total police budgets from 1994 to 1997. Regressions and correlations were performed on relevant data that upheld the null hypothesis that Compstat in New York City had not effect on UCR crime rates in the New Jersey and New York comparison cities. The dissertation concludes that the comparative analysis produced mixed results, especially in New Jersey, where police performance lacked commensurate budget accountability.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Public Administration (SPAA)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Police administration--New York (State)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Police administration--New Jersey
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Crime analysis
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Program budgeting
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6493
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 281 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Lawrence R. Adamitis
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3MG7RC6
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Adamitis
GivenName
Lawrence
MiddleName
R.
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-04-30 18:54:34
AssociatedEntity
Name
Lawrence Adamitis
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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