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The relationship among role stress, structural empowerment and burnout in newly graduated nurses working in acute care hospitals

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TitleInfo
Title
The relationship among role stress, structural empowerment and burnout in newly graduated nurses working in acute care hospitals
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Iacobellis
NamePart (type = given)
Frances
NamePart (type = date)
1950-
DisplayForm
Frances Iacobellis
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Eller
NamePart (type = given)
Lucille
DisplayForm
Lucille Eller
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cherniss
NamePart (type = given)
Cary
DisplayForm
Cary Cherniss
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Cimiotti
NamePart (type = given)
Jeannie
DisplayForm
Jeannie Cimiotti
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Flynn
NamePart (type = given)
Linda
DisplayForm
Linda Flynn
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Burnout has been theorized as occurring within the early years of a career. Role stress, which has three components; role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload, has been identified in new graduate nurses and has been positively correlated with burnout in the empirical literature. Empowerment has an inverse relationship with burnout. Support for these hypothesized relationships in newly graduated nurses has been demonstrated in research conducted in other countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among role stress, empowerment, and burnout in newly graduated nurses with two years of experience or less working in acute care hospitals. A descriptive correlational research design was utilized to examine the hypothesized relationships in a sample of 107 newly graduated nurses. Participants responded to questions online from various instruments which measured role stress, empowerment and burnout. All three role stress variables had significant positive correlations with burnout and empowerment had a significant inverse correlation with burnout. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses that empowerment would moderate the relationship between each of the role stress variables and burnout. In this study, 75% of new graduates reported burnout and the moderation model was not supported. Researchers have identified the presence of burnout in newly graduated nurses and the negative impact on the nurse, the patient, the organization and the profession. The findings from this study suggest that health care organizations need to examine and if necessary, improve their work environments. It may be less costly for hospitals to implement strategies to decrease burnout among new graduates such as establishment of an empowering work environment, elimination of role ambiguity, prevention of role conflict and reduction of role overload that are supported in the literature rather than absorb the costly financial impact of burnout.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Nursing
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6499
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (viii, 134 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Burn out (Psychology)
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Intensive care nursing
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Frances Iacobellis
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3WQ05N0
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Iacobellis
GivenName
Frances
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-05-01 08:17:39
AssociatedEntity
Name
Frances Iacobellis
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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