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Positive and negative social capital

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TitleInfo
Title
Positive and negative social capital
SubTitle
a balancing act? labor market and neighborhood experiences of young adult offenders reentering from jail
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Madoo
NamePart (type = given)
Justine McDavid
NamePart (type = date)
1982-
DisplayForm
Justine McDavid Madoo
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sullivan
NamePart (type = given)
Mercer L.
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Mercer L. Sullivan
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Christian
NamePart (type = given)
Johnna
DisplayForm
Johnna Christian
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Apel
NamePart (type = given)
Robert
DisplayForm
Robert Apel
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Jones
NamePart (type = given)
Nikki
DisplayForm
Nikki Jones
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
outside member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - Newark
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-05
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Young adult offenders face significant challenges to successful reintegration including stigma, obtaining employment, neighborhood and community influences, family and peer relationships, educational deficits and developmental challenges. While these factors, integral in the reentry process, have been explored in existing literature, less is known about the reentry experiences of young adult offenders experiencing both the transition from jail to the community and from adolescence to adulthood. Utilizing qualitative methods to obtain thorough narratives of these experiences, this dissertation examines how 18-24 year-old offenders balance the experiences of jail with the reintegration and developmental challenges facing this population upon their release. Specifically, this study explores labor market and neighborhood experiences following the release from jail to better understand how these individuals balance both negative and positive social capital within their communities. In this study, I conducted both pre-release and post-release interviews with 19 young adult male offenders. Participants were initially interviewed within three months of their release and participated in follow-up interviews within four to eight months following their release. It was my expectation that the jail experience would decrease positive social capital in the labor market and increase negative social capital in participants’ neighborhoods. Findings in this dissertation found that while some participants experienced a slight increase in social reputation among criminally active peers, the expectation that incarceration would enhance criminal enterprise was not supported. However, the loss of positive social capital was found within the labor market and some participants reported experiencing a “balancing act” which consisted of maneuvering between both positive and negative social capital opportunities. Findings also show how reentry experiences are often shaped by the developmental processes characteristic of young adult offenders entering into adulthood. This dissertation addressed the gaps in empirical literature by exploring why incarceration has ambiguous effects on different types of offenders. By closely examining a specific offending population, this study contributes to criminological theory by expanding our knowledge of the heterogeneity of incarceration experiences and the deterrent effects, if any, the jail experience has on young adult offenders.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Criminal Justice
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Juvenile corrections
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Ex-convicts
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Criminals--Rehabilitation
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6506
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xi, 183 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Ph.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = vita)
Includes vita
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Justine McDavid Madoo
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - Newark Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10002600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3TQ63DP
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Madoo
GivenName
Justine
MiddleName
McDavid
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-05-01 18:27:14
AssociatedEntity
Name
Justine Madoo
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - Newark
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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