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Self-efficacy and its relation to skills coaching in the context of dialectical behavior therapy augmented with a mobile phone app

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TitleInfo
Title
Self-efficacy and its relation to skills coaching in the context of dialectical behavior therapy augmented with a mobile phone app
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Roman
NamePart (type = given)
Kristen Michelle
NamePart (type = date)
1987-
DisplayForm
Kristen Michelle Roman
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rizvi
NamePart (type = given)
Shireen L
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Shireen L Rizvi
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Yusko
NamePart (type = given)
David
DisplayForm
David Yusko
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
co-chair
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Background: Change in self-efficacy is a frequent mediator of positive outcomes in studies of cognitive behavioral therapy. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a cognitive behavioral therapy designed to increase self-efficacy beliefs by teaching patients a set of behavioral skills; however, no prior studies have looked at change in self-efficacy during DBT. Mobile app technology is a promising way to enhance self-efficacy beliefs by increasing skills acquisition and practice. Aims: The present study explores 1) changes in self-efficacy during six months of DBT treatment augmented with a mobile app (the “DBT Coach”) and, 2) differences in self-efficacy when using skills coaching with the therapist versus the DBT Coach. Method: Four adults with borderline personality disorder and a history of suicidal behavior received comprehensive DBT treatment and the DBT Coach. Every three months, participants completed a measure to assess general self-efficacy. They also completed daily ratings of skills effectiveness. Average and modal ratings of skills effectiveness on days using the types of skills coaching were calculated for each participant. Results: All participants began treatment with low levels of self-efficacy and saw at least some positive change over the course of treatment. One participant rated skills effectiveness as higher when using some type of skills coaching than no coaching, and two reported the opposite pattern. The final participant reported the lowest skills effectiveness on days using the DBT Coach, followed by days using no coaching and days using phone coaching. Participants were divided on which type of skills coaching was associated with higher skills effectiveness ratings. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary support for the assumption that DBT enhances self-efficacy beliefs and suggests potential benefits of augmenting standard psychotherapy with skills-based mobile app technology. One potential benefit of using mobile apps in the context of psychotherapy may be increased self-efficacy beliefs in patients. 
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Clinical Psychology
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Dialectical behavior therapy
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Self-efficacy
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6277
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (vii, 67 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
Psy.D.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Kristen Michelle Roman
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore10001800001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T39Z96VN
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD doctoral
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Roman
GivenName
Kristen
MiddleName
Michelle
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-04-08 10:21:50
AssociatedEntity
Name
Kristen Roman
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
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windows xp
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