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Estimating New Zealand temperature and aridity since the last glacial maximum from biomass burning markers

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TitleInfo
Title
Estimating New Zealand temperature and aridity since the last glacial maximum from biomass burning markers
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Weisel
NamePart (type = given)
Lauren Meredith
NamePart (type = date)
1990-
DisplayForm
Lauren Meredith Weisel
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
author
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Sikes
NamePart (type = given)
Elisabeth L.
DisplayForm
Elisabeth L. Sikes
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
chair
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Wright
NamePart (type = given)
James D.
DisplayForm
James D. Wright
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Rodenburg
NamePart (type = given)
Lisa
DisplayForm
Lisa Rodenburg
Affiliation
Advisory Committee
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
internal member
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
degree grantor
Name (type = corporate)
NamePart
Graduate School - New Brunswick
Role
RoleTerm (authority = RULIB)
school
TypeOfResource
Text
Genre (authority = marcgt)
theses
OriginInfo
DateCreated (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
DateOther (qualifier = exact); (type = degree)
2015-10
CopyrightDate (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact)
2015
Place
PlaceTerm (type = code)
xx
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO639-2b); (type = code)
eng
Abstract (type = abstract)
Aridity is an important component of climate change. Wildfires linked to dry conditions can drastically alter the biomass of a landscape. Diagnostic molecules created in these fires during the incomplete combustion of plants can be used to estimate past biomass burning events. Biomass burning markers (BBM) were isolated from three sites from the South Island of New Zealand, and quantified using GCMS analysis. A record of fire occurrence based on these BBM revealed a pattern of increased aridity in the past. The central South Island was characterized by persistent dryness in the glaciation, increased wetter periods marked the Younger Dryas and Antarctic Cold Reversal, followed by drier cycles with fewer periods of wetness into the early Holocene, and persistent wetting toward the late Holocene. The southern end of the South Island showed consistent wetness from the mid Holocene to the modern. Dryness changing in longer vs. shorter and wetter vs. drier is a pattern seen from the glaciation through the early Holocene. Pollen-based temperature reconstructions in the study sites do not agree with reconstructions from elsewhere in New Zealand. These new results documenting burning in the glaciation and through the early deglaciation are a plausible explanation for bias in these temperature reconstructions due to local aridity in the study areas of the South Island. Changes in this local aridity were likely due to the Southern Westerly Winds, which shifted north during the glaciation, then overall shifted southward toward the Holocene.
Subject (authority = RUETD)
Topic
Oceanography
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
New Zealand--Climate
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Biochemical markers
Subject (authority = ETD-LCSH)
Topic
Climatic changes
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Rutgers University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = RULIB)
ETD
Identifier
ETD_6623
PhysicalDescription
Form (authority = gmd)
electronic resource
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
InternetMediaType
text/xml
Extent
1 online resource (xi, 118 p. : ill.)
Note (type = degree)
M.S.
Note (type = bibliography)
Includes bibliographical references
Note (type = statement of responsibility)
by Lauren Meredith Weisel
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Graduate School - New Brunswick Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Identifier (type = local)
rucore19991600001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3028THG
Genre (authority = ExL-Esploro)
ETD graduate
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (ID = rulibRdec0006)
The author owns the copyright to this work.
RightsHolder (type = personal)
Name
FamilyName
Weisel
GivenName
Lauren
MiddleName
Meredith
Role
Copyright Holder
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-07-16 15:35:38
AssociatedEntity
Name
Lauren Weisel
Role
Copyright holder
Affiliation
Rutgers University. Graduate School - New Brunswick
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Author Agreement License
Detail
I hereby grant to the Rutgers University Libraries and to my school the non-exclusive right to archive, reproduce and distribute my thesis or dissertation, in whole or in part, and/or my abstract, in whole or in part, in and from an electronic format, subject to the release date subsequently stipulated in this submittal form and approved by my school. I represent and stipulate that the thesis or dissertation and its abstract are my original work, that they do not infringe or violate any rights of others, and that I make these grants as the sole owner of the rights to my thesis or dissertation and its abstract. I represent that I have obtained written permissions, when necessary, from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis or dissertation and will supply copies of such upon request by my school. I acknowledge that RU ETD and my school will not distribute my thesis or dissertation or its abstract if, in their reasonable judgment, they believe all such rights have not been secured. I acknowledge that I retain ownership rights to the copyright of my work. I also retain the right to use all or part of this thesis or dissertation in future works, such as articles or books.
RightsEvent
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = start)
2015-10-31
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf); (qualifier = exact); (point = end)
2016-10-30
Type
Embargo
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted at the author's request. It will be publicly available after October 30th, 2016.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
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Technical

RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
ETD
OperatingSystem (VERSION = 5.1)
windows xp
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