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The subzero microbiome: Microbial activity in frozen and thawing soils

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TypeOfResource
Text
TitleInfo
Title
The subzero microbiome: Microbial activity in frozen and thawing soils
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Nikrad
NamePart (type = given)
Mrinalini P.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rutgers University
Name (type = personal)
NamePart (type = family)
Kerkhof
NamePart (type = given)
Lee J.
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Affiliation
Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University
Name (authority = orcid); (authorityURI = http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/identifiers/orcid.html); (type = personal); (valueURI = http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6307-7863)
NamePart (type = family)
Häggblom
NamePart (type = given)
Max M.
Affiliation
Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rutgers University
Role
RoleTerm (authority = marcrt); (type = text)
author
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Biochemistry and Microbiology
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-School); (type = corporate)
NamePart
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences (SEBS)
Genre (authority = RULIB-FS)
Article, Refereed
Genre (authority = NISO JAV)
Accepted Manuscript (AM)
OriginInfo
DateIssued (encoding = w3cdtf); (keyDate = yes); (qualifier = exact)
2016
Abstract (type = Abstract)
Most of the Earth's biosphere is characterized by low temperatures (<5 °C) and cold-adapted microorganisms are widespread. These psychrophiles have evolved a complex range of adaptations of all cellular constituents to counteract the potentially deleterious effects of low kinetic energy environments and the freezing of water. Microbial life continues into the subzero temperature range, and this activity contributes to carbon and nitrogen flux in and out of ecosystems, ultimately affecting global processes. Microbial responses to climate warming and in particular, thawing of frozen soils are not yet well understood although the threat of microbial contribution to positive feedback of carbon flux is substantial. To date, several studies have examined microbial community dynamics in frozen soils and permafrost due to changing environmental conditions, and some have undertaken the complicated task of characterizing microbial functional groups and how their activity changes with changing conditions, either in situ or by isolating and characterizing macromolecules. With increasing temperature and wetter conditions microbial activity of key microbes and subsequent efflux of greenhouse gases also increase. In this review, we aim to provide an overview of microbial activity in seasonally frozen soils and permafrost. With a more detailed understanding of the microbiological activities in these vulnerable soil ecosystems, we can begin to predict and model future expectations for carbon release and climate change.
Language
LanguageTerm (authority = ISO 639-3:2007); (type = text)
English
PhysicalDescription
InternetMediaType
application/pdf
Extent
45 p.
Extension
DescriptiveEvent
Type
Citation
DateTime (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016
AssociatedObject
Name
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Type
Journal
Relationship
Has part
Identifier (type = volume and issue)
92(6)
Reference (type = url)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw081
Detail
1-16
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Permafrost
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Tundra soils
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Psychrophilic bacteria
Subject (authority = local)
Topic
Subzero activity
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Climatic changes
Subject (authority = LCSH)
Topic
Greenhouse gases
Note (type = peerReview)
Peer reviewed
Name (authority = RutgersOrg-Department); (type = corporate)
NamePart
Marine and Coastal Sciences
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Häggblom, Max M.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30202400001
RelatedItem (type = host)
TitleInfo
Title
Kerkhof, Lee J.
Identifier (type = local)
rucore30202800001
Location
PhysicalLocation (authority = marcorg); (displayLabel = Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey)
NjNbRU
Identifier (type = doi)
doi:10.7282/T3571F35
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Rights

RightsDeclaration (AUTHORITY = FS); (ID = rulibRdec0004)
Copyright for scholarly resources published in RUcore is retained by the copyright holder. By virtue of its appearance in this open access medium, you are free to use this resource, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Other uses, such as reproduction or republication, may require the permission of the copyright holder.
Copyright
Status
Copyright protected
Availability
Status
Open
Reason
Permission or license
RightsEvent
Type
Permission or license
AssociatedObject
Type
License
Name
Multiple author license v. 1
Detail
I hereby grant to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (Rutgers) the non-exclusive right to retain, reproduce, and distribute the deposited work (Work) in whole or in part, in and from its electronic format, without fee. This agreement does not represent a transfer of copyright to Rutgers.Rutgers may make and keep more than one copy of the Work for purposes of security, backup, preservation, and access and may migrate the Work to any medium or format for the purpose of preservation and access in the future. Rutgers will not make any alteration, other than as allowed by this agreement, to the Work.I represent and warrant to Rutgers that the Work is my original work. I also represent that the Work does not, to the best of my knowledge, infringe or violate any rights of others.I further represent and warrant that I have obtained all necessary rights to permit Rutgers to reproduce and distribute the Work and that any third-party owned content is clearly identified and acknowledged within the Work.By granting this license, I acknowledge that I have read and agreed to the terms of this agreement and all related RUcore and Rutgers policies.
RightsEvent
Type
Embargo
DateTime (point = start); (encoding = w3cdtf)
2016-05-02
DateTime (point = end); (encoding = w3cdtf)
2017-04-21
Detail
Access to this PDF has been restricted due to the policy of the publisher, Oxford University Press, which requires a 12 month embargo from the date the article was published. The article in this repository will be publicly available after April 21, 2017.
RightsEvent
Type
Publication notice
Detail
This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in FEMS Microbiology Ecology following peer review. The version of record "The subzero microbiome: microbial activity in frozen and thawing soils." Mrinalini P. Nikrad, Lee J. Kerkhof, Max M. Häggblom. FEMS Microbiology Ecology Jun 2016, 92 (6) fiw081 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw081.
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RULTechMD (ID = TECHNICAL1)
ContentModel
Document
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